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Seeing Through Photographs Week 01 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. Vernacular photography is the umbrella term for all photographs that were created as works of fine art.
Q2. Which artist photographed different lunar phases to construct an alphabet they used to write a complete sentence?
- Leandro Katz
- Alfred Stieglitz
- Cristina de Middel
- Vik Muniz
Q3. The photograph, After Haul (1958), by Suirei Kubota was circulated through which of the following mediums or platforms?
Q4. What subject is depicted in Eugène Atget’s photograph Pendant l’Eclipse (1912)?
- The architectural design of buildings
- Scientists studying the moon through telescopes
- People observing a solar eclipse
Q5. In the early nineteenth century, before the invention of satellite technology, which of the following tools aided photographers and scientists in taking pictures of the moon?
- Hot air balloons
- Celluloid film
Q6. Which of the following techniques did Edward Steichen use in his work Moonrise—Mamaroneck, New York (1904), to demonstrate that the medium of photography should be considered a fine art, like painting or drawing.
- The cropping tool in Photoshop
- Print solarization, or re-exposing photographic paper to light while it is developing
- Physically cutting the images to rearrange their order
- Chemical processes for creating color
Q7. Which of the following statements about Ansel Adams’ work, Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico (1941), is NOT true?
- Over the course of several years and multiple printings, Adams adjusted the color contrast of his photograph to make the moon whiter and the sky darker
- Each print of the photograph comes from the same negative
- It is divided into three vertical bands, including the darkness of the sky, the lightness of the clouds, and the barren landscape
- The work was inspired by Vik Muniz’s Equivalents (The Museum of Modern Art)
Q8. Aleksandra Mir’s work, First Woman on the Moon (1999) responds to which of the following? (Select all that apply)
- The Apollo 11 landing, when Neil Armstrong walked on the moon
- The idea that space exploration was a solely male venture
- The environmental effects of space travel
- The use of animals in space travel
Q9. The series of stapled gelatin silver prints in Surface of the Moon, Day 319, W-F (1967) by NASA recall which two artistic practices?
- Rayographs and wide shots
- Photomontage and collage
- Relief printing and chiaroscuro
- Drawing and exquisite corpse
Q10. The choices that photographers make are never influenced by the technology available at the time.
Seeing Through Photographs Week 02 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. Many photographers have used their cameras to take pictures that record, remember, or bear witness to both historical and personal events.
Q2. In publishing the guide Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions (1843), Anna Atkins is considered which of the following by many people? (Select all that apply).
- The first person to create a cyanotype
- The first female photographer
- The first person to publish a book illustrated with photographs
- The first scientist to study British algae
Q3. Larry Sultan and Mike Mandel’s Evidence seeks to do which of the following?
- Make a publication that would be admissible as evidence in a court case
- Create new pictures of government officials and the work they do everyday at their respective government agencies
- Explore the ways in which context influences our understanding of photographic images
- Demonstrate that all photographs are objective
Q4. Dorothea Lange’s photograph, Migrant Mother, was used to document and raise awareness of the impact of the Great Depression on families across the United States
Q5. Opening in 1967 at The Museum of Modern Art, the exhibition New Documents presented the work of which three artists known for working in the documentary mode to make personal statements ?
- Alfred Stieglitz, Vik Muniz, and Edward Steichen
- Zora J. Murff, Gauri Gill, and Thomas Demand
- Dorothea Lange, Gordon Parks, and Carleton E. Watkins
- Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander, and Garry Winogrand
Q6. Which of the following is true about Gordon Parks and his photo essay “Harlem Gang Leader”? (Select all that apply).
- It was published in Life magazine
- The series captured the life of Red Jackson, a leader of the Midtowners gang
- Parks had full editorial control over how his photographs were cropped, printed, and sequenced
- Many of the images are ambiguous in their meaning and subject to multiple interpretations
Q7. Which artist was criticized for staging their photographs and exaggerating experiences during the Great Depression?
- Eugène Atget
- Arthur Rothstein
- Gordon Parks
- Diane Arbus
Q8. Gauri Gill’s series, Acts of Appearance, was NOT a collaborative project between the artist and her subjects.
Q9. Eugène Atget made more than 10,000 pictures of which city?
Q10. By the 1960s, many photographers began to feel constrained by the editorial control imposed by the popular press, including the editors of newspapers and magazines.
Seeing Through Photographs Week 03 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. What are some of the ways artists take advantage of photography’s capacity for multiplicity? (Select all that apply).
- By weaving pictures together in photo books and albums
- By grouping images to create a series or body of work
- By cropping their photographs
- By combining multiple images into new, indivisible works
Q2. Zoe Leonard uses order and repetition to build a narrative in her series, Analogue
Q3. For the series, Circulation: Date, Place, Events, Takuma Nakahira took and meticulously composed the photographs several years before displaying them at the Seventh Paris Biennale.
Q4. Which of the following is NOT true about Frances Benjamin Johnston’s The Hampton Album?
- The photographs were used to promote the work of the Hampton Institute
- The photos were candid and unposed
- Frances Benjamin Johnston depicted both vocational and academic activities at the Institute
- The photographs were exhibited at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900
Q5. Leslie Hewitt likes to “explore the limits of a single photograph, a single perspective” by layering images, objects and materials and photographing them.
Q6. What is consistent about all the photographs in Nicholas Nixon’s series The Brown Sisters? (Select all that apply).
- The sisters always stand in the same order
- Nicholas Nixon always uses an 8 x 10 inch view camera
- Each year one photograph is added to the series
- Nicholas Nixon’s wife always poses for the photos
Q7. Which of the following is true about The Departure and All in One by Aida Muluneh?
- They belong to the series The World is 9
- They are landscape photographs taken in Ethiopia
- They were inspired by a saying Muluneh often heard from her father
- They are black and white images
Q8. Which of the following statements about Sohrab Hura’s series Snow are correct? (Select all that apply).
- The series refers to the history of violence in Kashmir
- The images show the passage of time through the lens of changing seasons
- To create the series, Hura listened to the stories of people he met in Kashmir
- The photographs were produced over the course of one year, after which Hura ended the project
Q9. What was the source material for Iñaki Bonillas’ series Marginalia?
- Photos found on Instagram
- Pages from his childhood journal
- Newspapers and magazines
Q10. Which of the following statements is about the photograph Trolley—New Orleans by Robert Frank is NOT true?
- It was included in the photo book The Americans (1958)
- It depicts a segregated bus with white passengers seated toward the front and Black passengers toward the back
- It was taken only weeks before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama
- It inspired Walker Evans to create his series American Photographs
Seeing Through Photographs Week 04 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. Hank Willis Thomas used advertisements that ran in magazines including Ebony and Jet for his UNBRANDED series (1968–2008).
Q2. To make Movie-Television-News-History, June 21, 1979, Sarah Charlesworth took all of the following steps EXCEPT which of the following?
- Collecting several newspapers that were published on the same day
- Photographing the front pages of newspapers
- Contacting journalists and news reporters to gather information on how and why the stories were written
- Removing content from the front pages so that only the images, captions, and headlines remain
Q3. Which of the following are true about Carrie Mae Weems’ From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried? (Select all that apply).
- It examines how Africans and African Americans have been depicted in photographs over time
- Weems uses both text and images to construct a critical narrative
- Weems used models to restage historical images
- Weems framed the images with an oval or circular matte to mimic the effect of looking through the lens of a camera
Q4. Felice Beato’s album of photographs of the Second Opium War (1860) is considered to be an unbiased early record of the conflict.
Q5. Which of the following statements about Cindy Sherman’s series, Untitled Film Stills, is NOT true?
- Sherman photographs comment on stereotypical portrayals of women
- There are seventy images in the series
- Sherman considers these to be self-portraits
- The style of the photographs resemble promotionals photographs for Classic Hollywood, film noir, B movies, and European art-house films
Q6. Hank Willis Thomas makes which of the following arguments about advertisements? (Select all that apply).
- They rely on prejudices
- They accurately represent society
- It’s important to look critically at advertisements
- They play a huge role in how we see ourselves and other people
Q7. Photographs can clarify or complicate our understanding of intimate moments in time, historical narratives, and cultural issues and events.
Q8. Walid Raad’s My neck is thinner than a hair: Engines, seeks to do which of the following?
- Underscore and question photography’s authority and a photograph’s status as evidence
- Catalog archival photos of cars driven by Lebanese politicians
- Reconstruct the story of the Vietnam War
- Demonstrate the reliability of photographs and their role in accurately portraying events
Q9. Which of the following is NOT an inspiration for Dionne Lee’s artwork?
- Survival skills
- The first moon landing
- The history of landscape photography
- Trauma, displacement, and personal history
Q10. In Harrell Fletcher’s series, The American War (2005), it was very important to him to use a professional camera that captured high quality images
Seeing Through Photographs Week 05 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. Which of the following statements are NOT true about Susan Meiselas’s intention for making the series Carnival Strippers?
- She became close with the women she was photographing and showed them contact sheets of the photographs she took of them so they could select the ones they liked
- She did not value the voices of her subjects
- If she had owned a movie camera, she would have made Carnival Strippers as a film, instead of as a book with related audio
- She was interested in finding a way to visualize the relationships the women had with either other and with their own bodies
Q2. Details like the subject’s awareness of the camera, as well as their gestures, poses, and clothing, do NOT affect the way we interpret portraits.
Q3. According to Katy Grannan, the covers of fashion magazines feature the most cruel kinds of pictures as a result of which of the following?
- Because the models are subjected to horrible conditions in order to create the image
- Because they make the people in the pictures look unattractive
- Because they are dishonest, unrealistic depictions of people
- Because they rely on unfair labor practices in order to produce the photograph
Q4. Which photographer used their wife as a model to create images that experimented with different photographic processes and techniques?
- Nadar (Gaspard-Félix Tournachon)
- Harry Callahan
- Zanele Muholi
- James Van Der Zee
Q5. Why did Zanele Muholi choose to photograph members of the Black South African Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex (LGBTI) community? (Select all the apply).
- To present the existence and resistance of this group through positive imagery
- To create a record of the history of Black South African LGBTI individuals
- To engage in a form of visual activism
- To critique the history of ethnographic photography
Q6. The series Cargo Cults by Stephanie Syjuco responds to which historical style of photography?
- Ethnographic studio portraiture
- Landscape photography
Q7. Which of the following statements apply to Akram Zaatari’s work, After They Got the Right to Arms. Fourteen young men posing with guns? (Select all that apply)
- To create this work, Zaatari examined images from the archive of a commercial photography studio where clients paid to have their portraits taken
- Zaatari believes that none of these portraits are influenced by the values and politics of the society in which they were produced
- Zaatari took each of the portraits himself, and directed the young men on how to pose with their guns
- In making this work, Zaatari discovered that studio portraits are in part created by the people who are in them who perform imagined roles
Q8. From the 1970s through the 1990s, Rosalind Fox Solomon documented race relations and the legacy of discrimination in the American South. What event inspired her to respond by compiling and publishing these photographs as the book titled Liberty Theater?
- World War I
- The Women’s March on Washington
- The opioid epidemic
- Neo-Nazi and white nationalist rallies in Charlottesville, Virginia
Q9. Which of the following statements best describes Deana Lawson’s appreciation for photography?
- She considers it the best medium for expressing issues of self-representation, the body, and questions about beauty
- She thinks it is the best medium for experimenting with abstract shapes and forms
- She finds that it is the most effective medium for documenting reality and sharing important stories about current events
- She appreciates the ways photographs can contradict one another
Q10. To create a portrait of the people of the 20th century, August Sander created over 600 photographs of people and divided them into seven groups representing distinct subsections within German society.
Seeing Through Photographs Week 06 Quiz Answers
Practice Memory Check
Q1. Which of the following have contributed to the proliferation of photographic images? (Select all that apply).
- The Kodak Brownie camera
- The internet
- Digital cameras
- Social media platforms including Facebook and Instagram
Q2. Sara Cwynar created the filmModern Art in Your Life to explore how values and social norms are constructed and reinforced through art history and the popular images we encounter in our lifetime.
Q3. How did Thomas Ruff make the photographs for his Jpeg Series?
- By taking pictures of natural and manmade disasters with a digital camera and applying a special filter that pixelates the images
- By appropriating images from newspapers and magazines and drawing on their surfaces
- By using Photoshop to create images that looked like low-resolution digital photographs
- By downloading images he finds online and blowing them up to many times their original size
Q4. David Horvitz describes Mood Disorder as an artist book that shows what can happen when a copyright-free stock image is posted online.
Q5. The series House Beautiful: Bringing the War Home by Martha Rosler pairs which two types of images?
- Images of childbirth and pregnancy
- Images of war and of the home interiors
- Images from teen magazines and of city streets
- Images of landscapes and people’s torsos
Q6. Which of the following statements about Carmen Winant’s work, My Birth is NOT true?
- It contains over 2,000 found images sourced from books, pamphlets, and magazines
- The work is motivated by Winant’s own experience of rarely seeing images of women giving birth
- Winant appreciates the ambiguity of the title since My Birth could refer to the moment in which she was born, or the moment in which she had her own child
- The work argues that there is only one narrative that describes the experience of childbirth
Q7. The Watering Hole by Lyle Ashton Harris features images appropriated from all of these sources EXCEPT for which of the following?
- Pictures of pop cultural icons
- Antique ethnographic postcards with racist depictions of Black men
- Images featured in popular books about art
- Press and police photographs of Jeffrey Dahmer and his victims
Q8. Gertrude Käsebier belonged to a group of artist photographers known as the “pictorialists.” Which of the following definitions best describes the goals of pictorialist photographers?
- Create images that possessed a spontaneous, snapshot-like quality
- Elevate and promote the status of photography as a fine art
- Make affordable photographs that could be widely circulated and collected by the public
- Use the medium to accurately document and record historical events
Q9. André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri patented which of the following?
- The first disposable camera
- The process for making gelatin silver prints
- The carte de visite
- The compressed image file known as jpeg
Q10. Which of the following contemporary artists makes posters from their photographs and makes them available for people to take and redistribute?
- Sara Cwynar
- Anouk Kruithof
- Edson Chagas
- Lucas Blalock