Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Quiz Answers

All Weeks Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Quiz Answers

Learners discover how to apply to research methods to their study of Positive Psychology. In this course, we study with Dr. Angela Duckworth and Dr. Claire Robertson-Kraft. Through an exploration of their work “True Grit” and interviews with researchers and practitioners, you develop a research hypothesis and learn how to understand the difference between internal and external validity.

You also begin to understand and apply the strengths and weaknesses associated with different types of measurements and evaluation designs. You then interpret the results in an empirical study. Suggested prerequisites: Positive Psychology: Martin E. P. Seligman’s Visionary Science and Positive Psychology: Applications and Interventions.

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Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Week 1 Quiz Answers

Q1. What are the characteristics of an effective hypothesis? (Select 3)

  • Effective hypotheses are testable
  • Effective hypotheses are relevant
  • Effective hypotheses are true
  • Effective hypotheses are specific

Q2. Consider the following hypothesis: Improvements in self-control can lead to increased performance.

  • Which of the variables in the statement above is the independent variable?
  • self-control
  • Performance
  • Improvements

Q3. Consider the following hypothesis: Improvements in self-control can lead to increased performance.

  • Which of these variables in the statement above is the dependent variable?
  • self-control
  • performance
  • improvements

Q4. Two of these statements are good examples of internal validity. Select the one that is NOT an example of the internal validity.

  • Did the independent variable (i.e. grit) cause the effect on the dependent variable (i.e. grit improves teacher effectiveness)?
  • Could the results be generalized to other populations?
  • Was there a third variable that may have caused the effect on the dependent variable?

Q5. Which statement is a good example of the external validity?

  • Was there a third variable that may have caused the effect on the dependent variable?
  • Did the independent variable (i.e. grit) cause the effect on the dependent variable (i.e. grit improves teacher effectiveness)?
  • Could the results be generalized to other populations?

Q6. What does operationalization mean?

  • the ability to follow a strict scientific process
  • the last step in implementation of clinical studies
  • Process of defining variables in ways that are measurable
  • None of the above

Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Week 2 Quiz Answers

Q1. Which of the below is an issue of reliability?

  • The measure covers the right content
  • The measure can predict other important related content
  • The measure captures what it is intended to
  • The measure consistently captures the same results over time

Q2. Which of the below is an issue of validity?

  • The measure can be consistently used by multiple raters
  • The measure captures information consistently within the measure
  • The measure consistently captures the same results over time
  • The measure covers the right content

Q3. Which of the following are limitations of self-report surveys?

  • Halo effect
  • Social desirability bias
  • Reference bias
  • All of the above

Q4. Under what circumstances would you use a quantitative method for data collection?

  • When you want comments and feedback from a control group
  • When you are interested in better understanding the detailed experiences of the participants with specific characteristics
  • When you are interested in objective, numerical analysis of a particular phenomenon

Q5. When would you use qualitative methods for data collection?

  • When you are interested in objective, numerical analysis of a particularphenomenon
  • When you are interested in deepening your understanding of a particular trend and understanding how/why certain phenomenon occur.
  • When you are interested in measurement and mathematical data about specific conditions

Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Week 3 Quiz Answers

Q1. Which characteristics are associated with descriptive statistics?

  • describe the observed data
  • describe the possible problems and concerns associated with the sample group
  • describe the impact potential of treatments on the global population

Q2. Which of the following is the most commonly reported measure of central tendency?

  • Mean
  • Standard deviation
  • Mode
  • Median

Q3. Which of the following is a measure of spread?

  • Standard Deviation
  • T-Test
  • Mean
  • Median

Q4. What is an effect size?

  • The magnitude or size of the relationship or difference
  • The number of subjects in the sample
  • The likelihood that the results can be replicated
  • Whether the relationship or difference is likely due to chance

Q5. What does the p-value tell you?

  • The number of subjects in the sample
  • Whether the relationship or difference is likely due to chance
  • The magnitude of the relationship under study
  • The likelihood that the results can be replicated

Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods Week 4 Quiz Answers

Q1. Why is conducting an experimental design considered the gold standard of research?

  • individuals are randomly assigned to an intervention (treatment or control)
  • strong internal validity
  • outcomes can be linked back to intervention
  • all of the above

Q2. What are the key characteristics of an experimental design? (Check 2)

  • Random assignment
  • Strong external validity
  • Treatment and control group

Q3. Which type of design has the highest internal validity?

  • Quasi-experimental design
  • Non-experimental design
  • Experimental design

Q4. Which section of a research article should you read first?

  • Results
  • Methodology
  • Discussion
  • Abstract

Q5. Which type of validity refers to the positive or negative consequences of using measures or results for certain purposes?

  • Consequential validity
  • External validity
  • Internal validity
  • Measurement validity
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This course is intended for audiences of all experiences who are interested in learning about new skills in a business context; there are no prerequisite courses.

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