All Weeks Greek and Roman Mythology Coursera Quiz Answers
Myths are traditional stories that have endured over a long time. Some of them have to do with events of great importance, such as the founding of a nation. Others tell the stories of great heroes and heroines and their exploits and courage in the face of adversity.
Greek and Roman Mythology Coursera Quiz Answers
Greek and Roman My Week 1 Quiz Answers
Quiz 1: Introduction to the Course
Q1. Myth is something that has carried many different definitions over time. Check all that were mentioned in lecture.
- a tall tale
- a primitive form of thought
- a lie
- a story with a truth specific to some particular culture
- a story with a profound truth in it.
- a story with a truth about something universal to all of humanity
- anything spoken
- another name for language of any kind, including the communications of all species
- a special language spoken among car mechanics to isolate electrical problems
Q2. Of all those possible definitions of myth in question 1), our class is definitely NOT going to use… (check all that apply).
- a story with a profound truth in it
- a story with a truth specific to some particular culture
- a thing that floats around in space
- a lie
- anything spoken
- A story with a truth about something universal to all humanity
- a primitive form of thought
Q3. Evaluate the following statement: The versions of myths we see on contemporary television shows are not authentic.
- This statement is false.
- This statement is true.
- The statement contains an assumption that makes it difficult to call it true or false.
Q4. The reason why question 3) has the answer it does is because:
- The Romans already corrupted the authentic Greek versions, so when the later Europeans inherited these stories and passed them on to Hollywood, they’re already so inauthentic that you can’t really blame the TV shows for getting the true versions wrong.
- To measure any version of a myth, even campy TV shows, as not authentic (or as authentic) assumes that there is some one authentic, authorized version of these myths against which they succeed or fail, and there really isn’t one.
- The TV shows play so fast and loose with the real mythology, they can’t even be measured via the category of authenticity.
Q5. True or False: Although there are many versions of myths, there is always one definitive version.
Q6. Match the statement with the most appropriate theorist / theory from antiquity.
The myths a culture chooses to tell have an influence in shaping the values of that culture.
comment the answers here
Q7. Match the statement with the most appropriate theorist / theory from antiquity.
Myths are stories told about real people in the past who did something important. Future generations told and retold their exploits; and through exaggeration the real people eventually became deified.
Q8. Match the statement with the most appropriate theorist / theory from antiquity.
Myths contain hidden truths buried inside their strange tales. So when you run into something strange or out of the ordinary chances are it’s the poet trying to convey a hidden message.
Q9. This thinker re-introduces the Greek term “mythos” into modern European language. Up til then, terms from the Latin “fabula” were the most common way of referring to the ancient tales.
Q11. What is considered the “modern era” in this course?
- anything after the middle ages
- anything after the fall of Rome
- the period between the Renaissance and World War II
- the 20th and 21st centuries exclusively
Q12. Here’s the definition we’re going to be using as our working definition in this class. Who is the scholar who developed it?
“Myth is a traditional tale with a secondary partial reference to something of collective importance” (and for our class, we’ll add, “…told by someone for some reason.”)
Q13. There are many chapters to the story of the Trojan War both before and after the hostilities. In one of them, prior to the war, a mortal marries an immortal. Who were they? Check the two appropriate boxes:
Q14. What did Heinrich Schliemann find?
- the Trojan Horse
- the remains of Agamemnon’s palace
- evidence for a massive conflict occurring around 1250 BCE at Troy
- the tomb of Achilles
Q15. The Greek term “NOSTOI” means
- War rage
- Journeys home
Q16. Which of the following statements characterizes how the Greeks remembered their own involvement in the Trojan War. Check all that apply:
- As an effort characterized by excessive displays of war rage against the conquered Trojans.
- As a moment when their imperial reach over the Mediterranean was solidified for generations to come.
- As an effort characterized by extraordinary heroic prowess on the battle fields.
- As an effort characterized by deadly internecine feuds.
- As a massive mistake, when the dalliance of Helen was used as an excuse to try to dominate the Mediterranean.
Q17. Contemporary scholars have identified the number of poets behind the Odyssey, which has been traditionally attributed to Homer, to be:
- We’re not entirely sure, but given the overall coherence of the story, we tend now to credit the work to a single editorial hand endowed with great poetic insight.
Q18. Homer’s text likely emerged from the following context:
- A learned scribal culture that found a new medium for preserving cultural memory.
- A class of patrons that set out to get a pro-Greek epic produced.
- Warrior poets who wanted to make sure their exploits in war were remembered.
- Oral performances by professional bards for wealthy clients.
Q19. Homer’s poetry was understood to be divinely inspired . . .
- . . . and so it was received as a Sacred text and read literally by ancient Greeks.
- . . . insofar as the poet himself claimed the Muse was just using him as a mouthpiece.
Q20. What is the Greek word that means Odysseus is a man of “twists and turns”?
Greek and Roman My Week 2 Quiz Answers
Quiz 2: Becoming a Hero
Q1. What is the purpose of the Muse in Homer’s poem? Check all that apply.
- to use the poet as a mouthpiece
- to back up Homer’s claim that he is a god
- to add a semi-divine quality to the act of storytelling
- to produce a sense of a sacred text that is literally true
Q2. Choose the answer below that is the best response to the following statement: Homer is a poet obsessed with grandeur, so much so that he neglects small details in favor of the big picture.
- The fact that Homer recognizes the grandeur of the gods on Olympus and still focuses on the story of men on earth means that he’s just looking for important historical events, and so it’s natural that he would overlook the small ones.
- This isn’t a fair characterization of Homer’s poetry; since he so successfully captures grand events, we can’t also expect him to spend lots of time on small details.
- That’s just the right way to look at Homer’s poetry.
- This just isn’t a fair characterization of Homer’s poetry; it does not pay sufficient attention to the scene that closes book 1, and lots of others like it.
Q3. How does book one of the Odyssey end?
- Odysseus’ men die after eating the cattle of the sun.
- Eurycleia hangs up Laertes’ cloak.
- Penelope goes to sleep.
- Eurycleia shuts the door to Telemachus’ bedroom.
Q4. Choose the answer that best fills the blank: Telemachus blames _______ for his current situation.
- his father
- his mother
- the gods
Q5. In the second lecture of this week, we spoke of an idea we called “double determination.” Check all statements below that express the core idea.
- When bad things happen to good people, it is the gods’ fault; but when good things happen to bad people, the gods still get credit for it.
- When something good happens to a bad person, it shows that the Homeric gods are not paying attention.
- When someone performs an admirable action, the gods and fate are thought to have made it happen, but still, the person who performed the action deserves praise.
Q6. What is the Ithacans’ reaction to Telemachus’ request that the suitors leave?
- What is the Ithacans’ reaction to Telemachus’ request that the suitors leave?
- shame at their selfish actions
- indignation at the boy Telemachus’ commands
- pity at Telemachus’ helplessness
- fear at the hero Telemachus’ possible revenge
Q7. in the Odyssey books one through four #hich of the following things happen? Check all that apply
- Telemachus’ mind is broadened through travel.
- Odysseus greets queen Arete
- Orestes teams up with his sister.
- Telemachus discusses family values with Orestes.
Q8. What is the proper emotional reaction of a hero to an injustice?0 / 1 point
- all of these
comment the answer
Q9. In what way do characters in the Odyssey hold up Orestes as a model for Telemachus?
- He follows the guidance given by Athena.
- He shows Telemachus the value of extreme wealth.
- He demonstrates that you must take action against an injustice, no matter what it takes.
- He demonstrates the correct way to make a sacrifice.
comment the answer
Q10. What happens when Telemachus meets Helen? Check all that apply.
- Telemachus almost succeeds in stealing Helen away.
- Telemachus learns of his father infiltrating Troy in the guise of a beggar.
- She recounts to him the story of Achilles and Agamemenon.
- Helen shows her bewitching character and her skill at mixing a special elixir wine.
Q11. What is the first action we see Odysseus accomplish, after he is told he is free to leave Calypso’s island?
- build a raft
- kill a boar
- destroy Calypso’s longstanding enemy to free her from his oppression
- pillage a city
Q12. According to Homer, which of the following describes Odysseus’ situation as he lands on Scheria for the first time?
- He is like a glowing piece of metal a blacksmith buries, hoping the fire lasts the night.
- He is like a man arriving home, finally safe after storm-tossed suffering.
- He is sent away, which was lucky since they were going to eat him.
- He is like an invisible avenger, back to set things right.
Q13. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the land of the Phaeacians?
- extraordinary wealth
- abundance of crops
- monstrous hybrid beasts
- isolation from other peoples and lands
comment the answer
Q14. What happens when Odysseus arrives at Alcinous’ palace, the description of which is a good example of ring composition?
- Homer begins his description with Nausicaa, digresses to the palace, and then returns to Arete.
- Homer has Odysseus arrive at Alcinous’ threshold, next he digresses on the wonder of the palace and grounds, and finally Homer signals that the digression has ended by again mentioning the threshold.
- Homer shows Odysseus literally moving in circles around the glorious palace, and so his circular movement mirrors the shape of a ring.
comment the answer
Q15. Which of the following best describes the Greek concept of xenia?
- extreme hospitality
Q16. Which of the following is an example of a functionalist reading?
- In the Odyssey many aspects of the story legitimize the central role of xenia in Greek culture.
- The Phaeacians in the Odyssey provide a warning to all readers at all times not to display excessive wealth.
- To understand Odysseus, one must understand his function in the story. As a male hero, he demonstrates to the Greeks how a man is supposed to function in society.
- Calypso’s character provides an example of the archetype of the “jealous wife.”
Q17. What lie does Odysseus tell Alcinous?
- He turns father against daughter by claiming to be a Cretan.
- He claims that he is in love with Nausicaa to extract more gifts.
- He claims that Nausicaa found him clothed.
- He claims that he himself suggested to Nausicaa that he should enter the town alone, without an escort.
comment the answer
Q18. Which of the following is NOT one of the stories sung by Demodocus?
- the birth of Athena
- the love affair of Ares and Aphrodite
- the Trojan Horse
- the argument between Odysseus and Achilles
Q19. What pieces of information does Alcinous ask for from Odysseus at the close of book 8?
- name, parents’ names, history of his city
- name, hometown, why he came to Scheria
- name, wife’s name, children, past
- name, lineage, hometown, past
Q20. Which of these was a part of the author of the Life of Homer’s allegorical interpretation of the myth of Ares and Aphrodite?
- Poseidon symbolizes the flexible yet binding power of water.
- Ares and Aphrodite symbolize love and strife that sometimes come together and produce Harmony.
- Aphrodite represents the dry essence of the universe that must find an equal partner.
- Ares and Aphrodite symbolize the idea that opposites attract and draw the universe together.
Greek and Roman My Week 3 Quiz Answers
Quiz 3: Adventures Out and Back
Q1. Which of the following is NOT one of the themes that commonly appear as Odysseus is out on his adventures?
- a desire to establish a new home
- escape and sailing
- a landing
- an approach to an unknown domicile
- caution and curiosity
Q2. What does Odysseus tell Polyphemus his name is?
Q3. How is Circe like Calypso? Check all that apply
- they are beguiling and beautiful
- they show that even semi-divine creatures are omnipotent
- they both show links between the themes of swimming and escape
Q4. In which book of the Odyssey does the scene depicted on this kylix occur?
- Image from the MFA Boston: http://mfas3.s3.amazonaws.com/objects/SC191857.jpg
- this scene does not occur in the Odyssey
- book 8
- book 10
- book 11
Q5. What is the connection between the scene and the use of the object?
- The men were overcome by drinking Circe’s potion from bowls and this bowl-like vessel is specifically designed as a drinking cup.
- By collecting blood from Helios’ cattle in a vessel like this, Odysseus’ men profaned the Sun god.
- By bathing in Circe’s potion from water from a vessel like this, Odysseus’ men were transformed.
- By anointing himself with oil from a vessel like this, Odysseus prepared to wrestle.
Q6. Where is Homer’s Underworld?
- under the graves of heroes(This is not right answer)
- below the sea
- the far edge of the known world
- underneath Circe’s island
comment the answers
Q7.True or False: Odysseus explicitly warns his men that he has chosen Scylla over Charybdis, so they’re ready to face the monster.
- True. Who wouldn’t warn his own men of the imminent danger?
- False. He says he does not want them to panic.
Q8. True or False: In lecture, Struck claimed that the disgust response to violations of the line between what counts as food and what doesn’t count as food is negotiable and easily controlled, because it is culturally constructed.
Q9. In lecture, Struck claimed that according to a structuralist, myths exist…
- to reassure us that binary oppositions are not truly oppositions, but are instead a synthetic whole. (This is not right answer)
- to articulate a binary opposition between two core cultural ideas.
- to establish that there is no leakage between cultural binaries.
- to express human anxieties over the differences between cultures.(This is not right answer)
comment the answers
Q10. What is an oikos, as it was discussed in lecture?
- a vineyard
- the courtyard of a house
- the inner rooms of a house
- an island
Q11. Which of the following is NOT a marker of Eumaeus’ xenia?
- He gives Odysseus a cloak.
- He offers Odysseus skins to sleep on.
- He offers Odysseus his daughter to wed.
- He gives Odysseus pig meat to eat.
Q12. In his extended treatment of Odysseus establishing a relationship with Eumaeus, Homer shows the power of what social practice to create personal connections. Choose the best answer:
- fighting as comrades in arms
- doing physical work together
- always telling the truth, no matter how hard it is
Q13. What is the purpose of Odysseus’ lies to Eumaeus? Several of the following possibilities are plausible, choose the best one.
- He is establishing a connection through conversation, without giving away too much himself, so that he can make an alliance and get information in return.
- He is biding his time until he can face the suitors.
- He expects further gifts from Eumaeus if he tells a good story.
- He enjoys telling stories.
Q14. In Odysseus’ lie to Eumaeus, what question does the fictional Odysseus ask at Dodona?
- whether his wife will betray him like Clytemnestra betrayed Agamemnon
- whether his son is alive and has succeeded his place as king of Ithaca
- whether he should approach his home secretly or openly
- whether he should take a new wife
Q15. How does Athena approach Telemachus at the beginning of book 15?
- in the form of a dream hovering over a sleepless Telemachus
- as Mentor
- as Menelaus
- as Theoclymenus
Q16. What is one of the special abilities of Theoclymenus?
- He can read divine signs.
- He is as clever as Odysseus.
- He can recognize bad people posing in disguise.
- He is a valiant warrior.
Q17. What lie does Odysseus tell Athena when they meet in book 13?
- He is escaping a blood-guilt.
- He is a god in disguise.
- He is a suitor of Penelope.
- He is a friend of Telemachus.
Q18. Telemachus is compared to what type of figure when he greets Eumaeus?
- a warrior finding the warm embrace of family
- a king returning from visiting his subjects
- a hero coming home from pillaging
- a son who has been gone for ten years
Q19. What does Odysseus tell Telemachus, before Telemachus knows he’s Odysseus?
- That if only Telemachus were as brave as Achilles, he would have acted by now.
- That if Telemachus were as strong as Ajax in athletic contests, those suitors would already be dead.
- That if he himself were a son of Odysseus, or Odysseus himself, he would rather die than allow the suitors to continue their outrage.
- That if he himself were older and wiser like Nestor, he would have good advice to give Telemachus, but for now he needs a meal.
Q20.As they make plans in the middle of book 16, Odysseus arranges for a secret sign, a nod, that he will give to Telemachus at a later time. What will be the action that is supposed to happen when the sign is given?
- Telemachus will give a war cry.
- Telemachus will begin the challenge of the bow.
- Telemachus will tell Penelope that Odysseus has arrived.
- Telemachus will take all the weapons and remove them from the hall.
Greek and Roman My Week 4 Quiz Answers
Quiz 4: Identity and Signs
Q1. Odysseus reenters his own household’s outer courtyard using what strategy?
- He says that he must talk to Theoclymenus.
- He acts like a beggar in search of scraps.
- He grabs the knees of the leader of the suitors to defuse the situation.
- He demands to see Penelope.
Q2. When Odysseus meets the suitors in his disguise as a beggar, they offer him an ironic “guest-gift” that is actually a perversion of xenia. Which of the following is used as an ironic guest gift?
- a string of insulting words and blows
- a piece of rotten meat
- an ox-hoof
- a blow to the head
Q3. Which of the following is NOT an example of a divine sign in the Odyssey?
- Zeus thunders.
- Eumaeus brings Penelope a message about the beggar.
- Theoclymenus swears to Penelope that Odysseus is already on Ithaca.
- Telemachus sneezes.
Q4. Through Eumaeus Penelope passes a message to Odysseus, disguised as the beggar, to invite him to come for a conversation. What message does the beggar Odysseus send back to Penelope through Eumaeus?
- to send Telemachus away
- that he’ll come if she prepares a meal
- to wait
- to search for Odysseus
- to marry another suitor
Q5. Shortly after the fight between Odysseus and Irus, Penelope and Telemachus talk about what happened.
Q6. Odysseus tells Penelope his fake Cretan name
Q7. Which of the following is true of “weaving” in the Odyssey. Choose the best answer.1 / 1 point
- All of these.
- Odysseus and Penelope are both masters of weaving, whether metaphorical or actual.
- The activity of weaving establishes Penelope’s female exemplarity, which runs parallel to Odysseus’ masculine heroism.
- The metaphor of weaving is used to describe the production of lies or plots.
Q8. Where did Odysseus receive his scar?
- Polyphemus’ cave(this is not correct answer)
- Troy(this is not correct answer)
comment the answer
Q9. What does the name Odysseus mean?
- man of twists and turns
- glory of the gods
- swollen foot
- man of pain
Q10. The boar’s lair is similar to which other location in the Odyssey?
- The oaks of Dodona.(this is not correct answer)
- Odysseus’ place of rest at the end of book 5
- The woods on Circe’s island.
- The cave of the cyclops.
- The hidden entrance to the underworld.
comment the answer
Q11. In Penelope’s dream, what animal represents Odysseus, and even comes out and says “now I am your husband”?
- an eagle
- a goose
- a lion
- a wolf
Q12. Odysseus spares which of the following men. Choose the best answer.
- Medon(this is not correct answer)
- all of these men
- a herald
- a bard
comment the answer
Q13. Where is Penelope during the slaughter of the suitors?
- with Arete
- watching in horror with the maids
- asleep in bed
- with Telemachus
Q14. How is Eurycleia’s appearance to Penelope like a dream?
- She appears at the head of the bed and gives news.
- She is dressed like a goddess.
- She is not seen but only heard.
- She appears larger than life.
Q15. What is Penelope’s reaction to Eurycleia’s news? Check all that apply.
Q16. The only sign that can satisfy Penelope as proof of Odysseus’ identity is his scar.
Q17. Odysseus’ and Penelope’s bed is like the bed at the end of book five in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
- They are both dead wood.
- They are made of olive.
- They are regenerative and lead to a metaphorical new life.
- They are made by Odysseus’ skill and craft.
Q18. In using her bed as proof the way she does, Penelope proves all of the following to Odysseus EXCEPT:
- Their bed has remained at the center of their home.
- She holds the laws of xenia as the highest laws.
- She is clever.
- She has been faithful to him while he has been away.
Q19. Penelope’s reaction to her first embrace of Odysseus, after they have proved themselves to each other, is compared to what?
- A deer seeing a lion.
- A shepherd finding a lost sheep.
- A woman seeing a shipwrecked husband return home.
- A shipwrecked sailor catching sight of land.
Q20. What is the reaction of the townspeople to the death of the suitors?
- They understand that justice has been served.(this is not correct answer)
- They prepare for war.
- They call on Poseidon for vengeance.
- They burn Odysseus’ house down and send him away with an oar in his hands.(this is not correct answer)
comment the answer
Greek and Roman My Week 5 Quiz Answers
Quiz 5: Gods and Humans
Q1. What is Hesiod’s own version of how he learned the art of poetry?
- He was taught by the Muses.
- He read Homer and copied his style.
- He was a student of Chiron.
- He learned from his father.
Q2. What is the Enuma Elish?
- the god of the Babylonians(this not correct answer)
- a mythic king of Babylon
- the substance of the universe before the world was created(this not correct answer)
- the creation story of the Babylonians
Q3. All of the following are true of both Homer and Hesiod EXCEPT:
- They write using a composite of different Greek dialects.
- Their gods are subject to passions.
- They wrote epics in dactylic hexameter.
- They both pay close attention to the goddess Hecate.
Q4. In the composition of his poetry Hesiod makes extensive use of:
- long lists of names
- lengthy similes
- in-depth and careful narrative development
Q5. The Muses never tell lies.
Q6. In the opening praise he gives to the Muses, Hesiod notes that the Theogony will include all of the following BUT:
- the primacy of Zeus
- the family of man
- the labors of Heracles
- the family of gods
Q7. What does the Greek word “chaos” mean?
Q8. In the Theogony, male goes hand in hand with female _.
Q9. Which of the following is not produced in the earliest stages of the universe?
Q10. Kronos and Rhea are both sister and brother and lovers.
Q11. Kronos solves his anxiety over the future of his and Rhea’s children by doing what?
- He eats them.
- He puts them back inside Rhea.
- He kills them.
- He imprisons them in Tartarus.
Q12. What was Freud’s background?
- He was a novelist.
- He was a philosopher.
- He was a medical doctor.
- He was an anthropologist.
Q13. Freud’s idea was that myths dramatize the events of every individual’s development in their mental or psychological life.
Q14. What is the Freudian idea of displacement?
- The whole of a desire is expressed through a small chunk of it(this not correct answer)
- Movement of a desire away from an object that is unacceptable over to one that is acceptable.
- A piece of a desire is enacted through repetition of a dream.
- A dream is recounted differently upon waking.
Q15. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of Tartarus?
- Its distance from earth is equivalent to the distance covered by an anvil falling for 10 days.
- It exists in a state of disorder.
- It begins with Chaos at the top and flows ever downward.
- It would take a full year just to find the floor.
Q16. In the context of a sacrifice, such as we discussed in lecture, humans can…
- eat meat and be promised immortality as a result.(this not correct answer)
- expect to receive nectar and ambrosia in return.(this not correct answer)
- consider themselves to be sharing a meal with the gods.
- never actually eat the sacrificial meat: it is reserved for the gods.
Q17. What is Prometheus’ *second* insult to the gods?
- He kills an eagle, sacred to Zeus.
- He serves his son to the gods.
- He tries to seduce Aphrodite.
- He steals fire.
Q18. What creature does Earth send against Zeus as a final challenge?
- The Hundred-handers
Q19. Which of the following is NOT among the actions of Earth?
- helping Rhea plan the defeat of Kronos
- castrating Sky
- raising Zeus
- encouraging the Olympians to support Zeus, in the end
- issuing a challenge to Zeus through her Typhoeus
- serving as advisor to Kronos
Q20. Which figure’s mother does Zeus swallow in his gaining the power of reproduction? (And further, after he swallows this figure’s mother, he seems to have obliterated her status as a mother.)
Greek and Roman My Week 6 Quiz Answers
Quiz 6: The Homeric Hymns
Q1. The Homeric Hymns were written by the same poet who wrote the Odyssey.
Q2. The Homeric Hymns and the poetry of Homer show some similarities. The following is a list of their common characteristics PLUS one which is not held in common. From lecture and from your reading, which of the following is characteristic of hymns but NOT of Homer?
- written for specific rituals or festivals
- speaks of the relations between humans and gods
- written in dactylic hexameter
- uses Homeric diction
Q3. Which of the following is NOT under the purview of Apollo?
Q4. Lists in the Homeric Hymns play a part in bringing together a variety of local traditions of gods into a single, more coherent divine story.
- False, the hymns are not relevant to local traditions.
- True, that’s one of the several reasons the lists are there.
Q5. Which of the following is NOT a typical aspect of Greek ritual behavior?
- the symbolic eating of a god
- competitions of all kinds
Q6. The Hymn to Demeter includes all of the following themes EXCEPT:
- the joy of finding a husband
- transitions of womanhood
- mother and daughter relationships
Q7. Our main sources of evidence for the rites of Demeter at Eleusis are… (check all that apply)
- archaeological evidence
- the Homeric hymn to Demeter
Q8. Demeter attempts to make Demophoon partially immortal through these actions: (check all that apply)
- She places him in the fire to make his physical form immortal.
- She feeds him live-giving grain and milk.
- She dips him in the river Lethe so that his body is impermeable to weapons.
- She nourishes him with ambrosia.
Q9. Typical roles for a woman past child-bearing years include all the following EXCEPT:
- leading female of a household
- helper in childrearing
Q10. Who is Demeter’s mother?
Q11. As mentioned in lecture, the seed that Persephone eats has been seen by many observers to carry symbolic significance. Of the following interpretations which one makes the most sense within the themes of the Hymn to Demeter?
- The pomegranate is a fruit and so, unlike meat, can never be sacrificed to the gods. That she has eaten it means she has left her divine station forever.
- Pomegranates symbolize lushness and for her to eat one shows the desires of all people during times of famine for lush fertility.
- Taking in the seed symbolizes that Persephone has reached sexual maturity and that she can never return to her state as a child in her mother’s house.
- Food is tied to a number of underworld torments and the pomegranate is Persephone’s punishment for her wrongdoings on earth.
Q12. According to the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, where is he born?
- Olympus(this is not correct)
- Athens(this is not correct)
Q13. The Delian part of Apollo’s hymn ends with what?
- The establishment of a cult, the appointment of the Delian maidens who will sing to Apollo, and a farewell from the poet.
- Apollo’s lengthy list of sexual conquests.
- The marriage of Apollo.
- Apollo’s establishment of himself as a prophet.
Q14. What is the initial reaction of the gods to Apollo?
Q15. Where is Delphi?
- in the mountainous folds of Parnassus
- on the coast of the Peloponnesus
- in the lowlands of Telephousa
- along the crags of Vesuvius
Q16. Who is Typhaon? Select all/any that apply.
- a likely re-iteration of Hesiod’s Typhoeus monster
- the foster child of the serpent monster named Pytho in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo
- a monster defeated by Apollo in the Homeric hymn
- none of these
Q17. According to the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, why is Apollo called Pythian?
- He created the first lyre, also called a pythos.(this is not correct)
- Because of the “rotting” monster he kills.
- He established a cult on Pylos.
- He is the father of the Pythia, the original oracle.
Q18. Can ritual produce actual change in social structures, or it is always only symbolic?
- It can produce actual change.
- It is only symbolic.
Q19. What is the point of a myth, according to myth and ritual theory?
- It is an attempt to fill in the life of storytelling with the power of ritual behaviors.
- Myths and rituals are in an ongoing struggle for cultural authority, and so the point of myths is to try to outdo rituals.
- It is a tale told to give a narrative explanation for the stylized and sometimes strange actions of a ritual.
- Myths are so strong in their narrative appeal that they are the unique cultural form powerful enough to produce rituals.
Q20. How are myth and ritual connected, according to the myth and ritual theory of Jane Harrison?
- Provocative behaviors develop out of myth and are accepted by society since they are called “rituals”.
- Myth and ritual develop together and are mutually self-justifying.
- Rituals serve as a justification for the narratives told in myth.
- Myths come after rituals as a way to explain ritual behaviors that are strange and don’t seem to have any obvious sense to them.
Greek and Roman My Week 7 Quiz Answers
Quiz 7: The Oresteia
Q1. Which of the following best characterizes the main engine of the plots in Greek tragedy?
- psychological drama
- special effects
- elaborate costumes and a focus on the gods
- dramatically staged battle scenes
Q2. Where is the chorus positioned in Greek tragedy?
- behind the stage, where the machines were stored
- the area between the stage and the audience
- on stage with the actors
- among the audience
Q3. Who is the first character to appear in Aeschylus’ Agamemnon?
- a watchman
- the Chorus
Q4. How does Clytemnestra know about the burning of Troy?
- an extensive system of beacon fires
- she learns from a bird prophesy
- a god appears to her in a dream
- a messenger from Troy brings word to Argos that the Greeks defeated the Trojans
Q5. What is Cassandra’s curse?
- she speaks in tongues
- she cannot control her speech
- no one believes her prophesies
- all of her prophesies are wrong
Q6. The following are poetic expressions of the theme of entanglement that appear in the Agamemnon (check all that apply):
- the tapestry of the crimson path
- the plots Clytemnestra weaves against Agamemenon
Q7. In contrast with the way it functions in the Odyssey, the theme of secrecy serves what purpose in the Agamemnon?
- it tightens family bonds
- it tears the family apart
Q8. True or False: Evil was considered a physical presence in Greek mythic thought.
Q9. True or False: Miasma may be inherited from one’s ancestors.
Q10. The connection between miasma and justice is best described by which of the following:
- Justice is only served to members of the elite.
- Punishment is served to those who have committed wrongful acts.
- Punishment stalks those infected by a miasma, even when they may not have themselves committed a wrong act.
- Bad things may happen to good people, but good will always win out in the end.
Q11. What is the main action that takes place in the Libation Bearers?
- The killing of Clytemnestra by Orestes.
- Clytemnestra commits suicide following the death of her husband.
- Orestes and Electra are sacrificed to the shade of Cassandra.
- Athena appears on Agamemnon’s ship and punishes him for the death of Iphigenia.
Q12. The Eumenides are also known as….
- the Titans
- the Furies
- the Harpies
- the Graces
Q13. Where is the trial of Orestes held?
Q14. In his version of the myth, Aeschylus aligns the Olympian order with a new system of justice that moves away from an idea of miasma.
Q15. In lecture, we characterized Orestes’ trial as being, at root, an argument over what?
- whether a daughter has the right to kill a father
- whether a father has has the right to kill a family member
- the relative weight of two murders
- whether the murder of a mother by a son deserves the death penalty
Q16. Apollo tries to argue which of the following:
- An adulterer has no redeeming qualities and should always be killed.
- A mother has a greater role in the production of children and therefore her murder by her son is more deserving of punishment
- A parent has a duty to protect his or her children at all costs.
- The murder of a mother by a son is not as worthy of punishment as the murder of a husband by his wife.
Q17. The Furies try to argue which of the following:
- The murder of a husband by a wife is more serious than the murder of an adulterer by a cuckolded husband.
- A murder by a blood relation is more serious than one that is not by a blood relation.
- The murder of a child is the worst crime imaginable.
- The murder of Iphigenia is more heinous than the murder of Clytemnestra.
Q18. What radical new system of government is built into the plot of the Eumenides?
- the inclusion of women in government
Q19. In the new system of justice in the Eumenides what is the place of the Furies?
- There is no place for the Furies in the new system.
- They are transformed into the household servants of Athena, goddess of wisdom.
- They are sent to Tartarus, like the other pre-Olympian divinities.
- They are given a ceremonial spot under the court, symbolizing the institutionalizing of their violence.
Q20. Evaluate the following functionalist readings of Aeschylus’ Oresteia. Which of them is most plausible?
- The myth legitimizes the idea that Hesiod’s wisdom inevitably contains better ideas of punishment than Homer’s.
- The myth authorizes the idea that family law is more powerful than democratic law.
- The myth legitimizes the idea that women should never be allowed access to male tools, like axes.
- The myth authorizes the idea that strangers (and not family members) will bring better wisdom to s of just punishment.
Greek and Roman My Week 8 Quiz Answers
Quiz 8: Unstable Selves
Q1 True or False: Exposure of a child was considered a worse crime than killing a father.
Q2. What is the answer to the sphinx’s riddle?
- the Earth
- a mother
Q3. What is Creon’s message from Delphi?
- Wisdom is terrible.(this is not correct answer)
- Oedipus is the land’s pollution.
- A native man must be banished from Thebes.
- Laius was killed by his son.
Q4. Oedipus has early signs, which he dismisses, that he may have been the one that killed Laius. Which of the following pieces of information is a sign to which he pays close attention and by which he is unsettled?
- Jocasta admits that she did not expose her child.(this is not correct answer)
- A messenger tells Oedipus that his foster father is dead.
- Jocasta tells him that Laius was killed at a crossroads.
- Jocasta tells him that he is Laius’ son.
Q5. True or False: Oedipus claims that he is smarter than the Delphic oracle.
Q6. What is the name of the mountain where Oedipus is exposed?
Q7. In the end, Oedipus decides that his identity is tied to Cithaeron more than to Thebes or Corinth.
Q8. What city is founded on the land where Cadmus defeats the monster?
Q9. Where did the five original Theban men come from?
- They were born from women who were spared after Cadmus killed the local farmers.
- They were born from dragon teeth that Cadmus planted in the ground.
- They were the offspring of Jocasta and Oedipus.
- They were sons of Cadmus exiled from Corinth.
Q10. All of the following have issues with their feet EXCEPT:
- Hector(this is not correct answer)
Q11. Teiresias insults Oedipus by speaking of which kind of curse against him?
- a pinioned-ankled curse
- a deadly footed, double striking curse
- a earth-born curse
- a swollen-footed curse
Q12. In lecture, we spoke of a claim to autochthonous birth having the following function(s):
- Gets around the messiness of a family background connected to other human beings.
- all of these
- Allows people to feel a sense of anchored identity, since it makes a claim to physical connection to a place.
- Allows people to make a claim to legitimate authority over land and so to a position of power.
Q13.The Oedipus myth authorizes the value of oracles and suggests that divine law is stronger than human law. Among our different theories we are working on in the class, into which category would this reading best fit?
- Myth and Ritual
Q14. What type of interpretation might argue that the Oedipus myth exposes primeval desires about one’s relationships with one’s parents?
- Structuralist(this is not correct answer)
- Myth and Ritual
Q15. According to normal Greek ritual procedure, cultic actions in honor of the gods happen…
- in public
- inside one’s house
- at night
- in secret
Q16. True or False: Dionysus, because of his wild rites, did not earn a place in the standard Greek pantheon.
Q17. Which of the following daughters of Cadmus is the mother of Dionysus?
- Ino(this is not correct answer)
- Semele(this is not correct answer)
Q18. Where are the rites of Dionysus celebrated?
- the center of Thebes
- the cliff where Ino committed suicide
- the site where Cadmus killed the dragon
Q19. The rites of the women who worship Dionysus include all of the following except:
- a crazed hunt and destruction of the prey through ripping it limb from limb
- excessive drinking
- eating raw meat
- sacrifice of a bull
Q20. The Bacchae is a narrative background explaining some of the strange rites conducted in honor of Dionysus. Under what theoretical approach that we have discussed in class does this kind of interpretation best fit?
- myth and ritual
Greek and Roman My Week 9 Quiz Answers
Quiz 9: The Roman Hero, Remade
Q1. True or False: Vergil was deeply knowledgeable about Greek myths and the ancient scholarly traditions of interpretations of them, and used all of these traditions in his Aeneid.
Q2. In lecture we discussed history in general, and the factors that go into how it is shaped. Check all of the following that characterize the main parts of that discussion.
- To judge historical accounts means discussing questions of value over which issues or facts are important enough to include.
- To judge historical accounts means discussing questions of fairness.
- To judge historical accounts means discussing questions of identity and the identification of the “we” whose story is being told.
- To judge historical accounts means only sticking to the facts and nothing else.
Q3. True or False: Vergil invented the myth that Aeneas was from Troy.
Q4. True or False: Before Vergil, the Romans had several different historical tales they used to explain the foundation of Rome and her empire.
Q5. From what you know from lecture, what does this Horace phrase mean: Graecia capta ferum uictorem cepit?
- Greece, after it was conquered, captured the ferocious winner.
- Greece was captured by its wild capturer.
- Grecian captives captured the feral victor.
- The capital, Greece, seized a fierce victory.
Q6. True or False: The opening of the Aeneid indicates that the work is meant to be a combination of an Iliad and an Odyssey.
Q7. According to lecture, how is Vergil’s idea of fate different from that we saw the Greek myths?
- Fate drags one back into the past despite our attempts to escape
- Fate is forward-propelling.
- Fate has nothing to do with destiny.
- Fate is always static and not the dynamic force it is for the Greeks.
Q8. Where is Aeneas at the opening of the Aeneid?
- at sea
- in Dido’s palace in Carthage
- at Lavinium
- in Troy
Q9. True or False: Vergil shows an understanding of Euhemerism and Allegorism, as well as other theories of myth.
Q10. Aeneas’ journey is similar to that of Telemachus in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
- He learns about other cities and their customs.
- He is buffeted by the gods.
- He learns of the Trojan past from other witnesses.
- He learns about being a leader.
Q11. True or False: Aeneas and his men visit Ithaca on their journey.
Q12. What does the oracle at Delos tell Aeneas?
- never trust Greeks bearing gifts(this is not correct answer)
- seek out the Sibyl(this is not correct answer)
- go to Delphi
- seek the land where the Trojan race came from originally
Look at this neck-amphora from the Metropolitan Museum of Art
in New York: http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/130014837?rpp=20&pg=1&ft=aeneas&pos=18
Aeneas and Anchises Amphora
(Accession Number 41.162.171).
What scene is depicted on the obverse of the amphora?
- Aeneas carrying Anchises out of Troy.
- Ascanius leading his son out of Troy.
- Anchises carrying his father out of Troy.
- Aeneas carrying Ascanius out of Troy.
Q14. True or False: In lecture we suggested that Aeneas’ interest in the establishment and maintaining of boundaries may have cultural parallels in the Rome of Vergil’s time.
Q15. The idea of teleology emerges strongly in the Aeneid. But Vergil also shows many backward pushing currents against the overarching forward flow of events. Which of the following are examples of these backward pushing currents? Check all that apply.
- We take a long look at the price individuals, including Aeneas himself, pay, as the machineries of history grind toward the predetermined end.
- We see in lavish detail the suffering of Dido.
- Aeneas makes a number of false starts.
- Aeneas shows excellent leadership skills throughout.
Q16. What is the supernatural cause of Dido’s love for Aeneas? Choose the best answer.
- Cupid in the guise of Ascanius
- all of these
- the plot of Juno and Venus together
- the will of Venus
Q17. True or False: Dido’s “marriage” to Aeneas uses language and events that occur at a proper Roman marriage.
Q18. In lecture, we suggested that a functionalist might read the story of Dido as a competition between which two cultural values?
- xenia and eros(this is not correct answer)
- pietas and eros
- pietas and polytropos(this is not correct answer)
- pietas and xenia
Q19. Who falls from Aeneas’ ship and drowns?
Q20. What event is NOT included in the funeral games of Anchises?
- boxing(this is not correct answer)
- equestrian performance
- chariot racing
- the lusus Troiae
Greek and Roman My Week 10 Quiz Answers
Quiz 10: Roman Myth and Ovid’s Metamorphoses
Q1. Who is the Sibyl?
- a priestess of Delphi
- a priestess of Delos
- an oracle
- a deity living in the land that will become the site of Rome
Q2. What does the scene of Aeneas plucking the golden bough add to Vergil’s account of Aeneas’ journey to the Underworld?
- denial that Aeneas was meant to see the shades of the dead because of his mistreatment of Dido
- ambiguity regarding whether Aeneas was fated to go to the Underworld or not
- certainty that Aeneas’ fate was to go speak to the shade of Anchises
- clarity for Aeneas’ mission to found Rome
Q3. What figure(s) in the Aeneid offer a parallel to Homer’s Elpenor? (check all that apply.)
Q4. What does the Greek etymology of “apocalypse” mean?
- a collapse
- a revealing
- a destruction
Q5. Vergil connects myth to history through comparing the expansive travels of which two figures?
- Agamemnon and Aeneas
- Odysseus and Augustus
- Heracles and Augustus
- Heracles and Aeneas
Q6. Which of the following is NOT an example of Vergil’s rationalizing theories?
- Unlike in Homer’s epic, Vergil allows men, finally, to talk back to the gods.
- Vergil typically gives the fantastic events in his story a redundant rational cause.
- Vergil tells us that history outdoes myth.
- Geography in Vergil’s epic maps onto real geographical sites.
Q7. Which cultural value has supremacy in Vergil’s epic, according to a functionalist reading?
- military prowess
Q8. In lecture, it was suggested that a structuralist might claim that which of the following binaries lies at the basis of Vergil’s epic?
- The things that count as food are always in tension with what is not counted as food.
- Peace emerges as less important than war.
- Marriage bonds win out over fraternal bonds.
- Blood relationships are more important than voluntary associations.
Q9. What does metamorphoses mean?
Q10. Among the following possible themes in Ovid’s tale, which is the most consistent?
- the idea that only monsters neglect proper hospitality
- the idea that life is fleeting and precarious
- the idea that bad things never happen to good people
- the idea that rape is the worst wrong perpetuated by man
Q11. True or False: It was suggested in lecture that Ovid’s meditation on bodies and the destruction of bodies has a correlation in forms of entertainment enjoyed by Romans.
Q12. Now look at the following image from the Philadelphia Museum of Art:
Semele and Jupiter
(Acquisition number 1998-182-4).
What is portrayed on this engraving?
- Jupiter visiting Semele in all his glory
- Bacchus and Ariadne
- Bacchus destroying the home of Pentheus
- Dionysus arrives at the home of Pentheus
Q13. In Ovid’s epic, the death of Actaeon is depicted in what way?
- without emotion
- as a clearly deserved punishment
- at one remove from the action
- through detail and cinematic close-up
Q14. In Ovid’s epic, Teiresias is especially noteworthy for what experience?
- He has an unending punishment in the underworld.
- He is a prophet who is always generous.
- He has made love to a goddess.
- He had sex as both a man and a woman.
Q15. In fighting Cygnus, Achilles is compared to which animal?
- a strong lion
- a sharp-eyed eagle
- a seething bull
- an efficient pack of hounds
Q16. All of the following are characteristic of Ovid’s centaurs EXCEPT:
- they are uncaring
- they are unruly
- they are deeply intellectual
- they are hard to feel too sympathetic toward
Q17. True or False: The battle for the arms of Achilles is a story unique to Ovid’s epic.
Q18. In lecture, it was suggested that Ovid’s version of the debate between Ulysses and Ajax is modeled on which of the following:
- Greek litigation practices
- a famous debate between the two Roman historical figures, Cicero and Catiline
- a Roman schoolboy exercise
- a debate in Homer
Q19. In Ovid’s account, Scylla is turned into a monster by whom?
Q20. Who is Ovid’s main hero?
- no one
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