Final Exam: Critical Thinking: Reasoned Decision Making Week 04 Quiz Answers

Get Critical Thinking: Reasoned Decision Making Week 04 Quiz Answers

Quiz 1: Self-evaluation

Q1. Which description best defines WORLDVIEW?

  • A. Our perspective of things and how we accept them.
  • B. The entirety of what we comprehend and believe about the world, about ourselves, and how we interact with it.
  • C. The way in which we interpret the world.

Q2. When making decisions, which sets of elements do we need to articulate in the process?

  • A. Affirmations, beliefs and inferences.
  • B. Elements, standards and values, and virtues.
  • C. Our worldview, ways of thinking, the questions and choices available to us.

Q3. Which of the following statements best describes how we are shaped by our choices?

  • A. “Each of us is the son of his own works.”
  • B. Interaction with the environment shapes us.
  • C. The world asks and we respond.

Quiz 2: Self-evaluation

Q1. The concept of Experience involves:

  • A. A connection of doing something that will result in a consequence.
  • B. Accumulated knowledge.
  • C. Experience is what we have learned.

Q2. According to the explanation of experience, do you agree that relationships can be perceptible without experience?

  • A. Yes, you can learn without doing. Once you have understood the theory behind it, the knowledge is ready to be transferred.
  • B. No, only if you do things and live with the consequences, will learning become an experience.
  • C. Yes, we can learn by example.

Q3. How can we evaluate our knowledge?

  • A. By understanding the theory behind the concepts or issues.
  • B. By the way in which it helps us solve future situations, and by the solidity, security and fertility for facing new situations.
  • C. By the immediate application of a theory.

Quiz 3: Evaluation of Topic 4

Q1. The benefits of the language of the imagination used in literary works come from:

  • A. The search for clues about a topic.
  • B. The capacity to create alternate modes of existence and new possibilities of human experience.
  • C. Open-mindedness.
  • D. Avoiding and forgetting about reality.

Q2. According to John Dewey what is the vital meaning of an experience?

  • A. Having a repertory of solutions.
  • B. The accumulation of concepts and thoughts.
  • C. Making connections explicit in the form of relationships, so as to understand the details of the connection between things for future applications.
  • D. Using our past to resolve the future.

Q3. Which elements best describe the term worldview:

  • A. Beliefs, about the world and ourselves, and how they interact with each other.
  • B. Point of view and choices.
  • C. The world, interpretations, choices.
  • D. Ideas, images, needs, emotions, beliefs.

Q4. What is the greatest risk of being such an autonomous thinker?

  • A. Being independent when thinking.
  • B. Being ego-centric.
  • C. Having self-assurance and self-confidence.
  • D. There are no risks.

Q5. Some thinkers attack classroom thinkers by saying that practical experience:

  • A. Is better than classroom learning.
  • B. Canonly be acquired outside classroom.
  • C. Is not something abstract or speculative that can be learned in classrooms.
  • D. Prepares you for life, which encyclopedic knowledge does not prepare you for life.

Quiz 4: Final exam

Q1. What phrase best represents the concept of Metacognition?

  • A. Top-down thinking.
  • B. A superior way of thinking.
  • C. Thinking about how we think.
  • D. Thinking things twice.

Q2. Think critically. What is wrong with this argument? “I don´t think you have any right to say that, since you are not even from this country”

  • A. He is attacking your arguments.
  • B. He is making an affirmation.
  • C. He is being sociocentric.
  • D. He is attacking you personally.

Q3. Think critically: My elementary school teacher once told me, “If you do not pass the course lessons, you will end up looking after sheep in a field.” Critically, he was:

  • A. Joking.
  • B. Intimidating me.
  • C. Making a sound inference.
  • D. Making a meaningless correlation.

Q4. You want to know if penguins can fly and use your logic with the following explanation: All birds can fly ( premise 1) A penguin is a bird (premise 2) Therefore, penguins can fly. (conclusion) Is your conclusion right?

  • A. Yes, it follows the logic.
  • B. No. I checked on the internet.
  • C. No, the conclusion is not logical.
  • D. No, because premise 1 is wrong from the beginning.

Q5. When we say we use the different ways of thinking in an interwoven way, we mean that:

  • A. We use them sequentially.
  • B. We use them unconsciously.
  • C. We choose one of them.
  • D. We prioritize the relevant modes purposefully, according to their contribution.

Q6. A good way to resist group pressure is:

  • A. To comply with the expected group values.
  • B. Reject the group’s affirmations.
  • C. Accept only affirmations endorsed by group leaders.
  • D. Follow your beliefs according to the strength of reasons exposed.

Q7. Ambiguous language is an obstacle because it will make the audience.

  • A. Indifferent.
  • B. Confused and not understanding the messages.
  • C. Make their own interpretation.
  • D. None of the above.

Q8. Which statement best describes the need for other people’s points of view?

  • A. We will be accepted by others for having asked.
  • B. We will be recognized as ç open-minded thinkers.
  • C. That’s what leaders do.
  • D. We will test and challenge our affirmations and beliefs in order to refresh them.

Q9. What is wrong with the ad hominem fallacy?

  • A. Its aim is to attack the problem and reasons.
  • B. It is used regularly.
  • C. It attacks the opponent´s personality or character, not his or her reasons or arguments.
  • D. It reflects a lack of creativity in arguments.

Q10. Being an autonomous thinker means:

  • A. Not asking the others for opinions.
  • B. Trusting one’s thoughts.
  • C. Deciding what information to use or not to use.
  • D. Accepting full responsibility for one’s choices and decisions.

Q11. You conducted a successful job search, and now have three offers from which to choose. What can you do to most thoroughly investigate your potential employers? (Choose the one that does NOT apply)

  • A. Check out their websites.
  • B. Research their financial situations.
  • C. Speak with people who work at these companies.
  • D. Watch the news to see if the companies are mentioned.

Q12. When facing a complex situation, which intellectual standard is most important?

  • A. Accuracy.
  • B. Honesty.
  • C. Breadth.
  • D. Depth.

Q13. Think critically. When buying a car, what information is NOT relevant?

  • A. Fuel efficiency in kilometers/liter.
  • B. Type of tires.
  • C. Monthly payments.
  • D. Guarantees in terms of years or kilometers.

Q14. In a group session, how can we create an appropriate atmosphere for collaboration or participation in a discussion?

  • A. Asking for alternate opinions and letting the others have their say.
  • B. Asking each person in order.
  • C. Leaving time at the end for questions and answers.
  • D. Asking for individual contributions on small cards.

Q15. Approach this question critically. What is the most important thing when deciding on a sample for a quantitative survey?

  • A. The size of the sample must be according to the population.
  • B. The dispersion of the sample needs to reflect the dispersion of the population.
  • C. The desired level of confidence.
  • D. The geographic coverage of the sample.

Q16. What does it mean to be an autonomous person?

  • A. Thinking for ourselves and not asking others.
  • B. An autonomous person is someone who is responsible for his or her own choices.
  • C. Someone who decides to be independent.
  • D. It is simply freedom of choice.

Q17. According to John Dewey what is the vital meaning of an experience?

  • A. Having a repertory of solutions.
  • B. The accumulation of concepts and thoughts.
  • C. Making connections explicit in the form of relationships, so as to understand the details of the connection between things for future applications.
  • D. Using our past to resolve the future.

Q18. Why is “an ounce of experience better than a ton of theory,” according to John Dewey?

  • A. There is no use in having a full mind.
  • B. Because it is only in experience that any theory has vital and verifiable significance.
  • C. It means that theory is not worth as much as practical application.
  • D. It means that theory is derived from experimental practice.

Q19. How can critical thinking help to build a well-ordered mind?

  • A. It gives us a method to follow.
  • B. We rely on its sequential phases.
  • C. It acts as a catalyst to filter and adapt the ways of thought, knowledge and connections in a fruitful manner.
  • D. It helps us communicate our arguments.

Q20. For the purpose of our course on of critical thinking, we should consider the terms: Thinking, knowledge, understanding and experience as:

  • A. Totally different concepts.
  • B. Similar concepts.
  • C. Sequential concepts that following that order.
  • D. Different cognitive processes.
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