Get All Weeks Qualitative Research Methods Coursera Quiz Answers
Qualitative Research Methods Coursera Quiz Answers
Week 3 Quiz Answers
Quiz 1: Practice quiz
Q1. Phenomenology studies the conscious experience of something as experienced by the researcher only.
Q2. Why are deviant cases interesting to delve in for qualitative researchers?
- Deviant cases are more rare in qualitative research
- Deviant cases can lead to better narratives and stronger anecdotalism
- Qualitative researchers are -by definition- studying the underdogs, who are usually the deviant cases
- Deviant cases can provide additional support for a theory
Q3. Which of the following set of criteria of qualitative research is most likely to be used in a qualitative research with a more objectivist social ontology?
- The midway position of Martyn Hammersley (1992), in which it is about the plausibility of the researchers account.
- The sets of criteria that were translated from quantitative research (Mason, 1996 or Lecompte & Goetz, 1982).
- No criteria are used at all.
- The alternative sets in which we focus on Trustworthiness and Authenticity.
Quiz 2: Midterm exam
Q1. Why do qualitative methodologists talk about serendipity in qualitative
research, whereas in more quantitative research there is less stress on it?
- Because there is more room for flexibility in qualitative research, it enlarges the possibility of accidental findings.
- It is an important aspect of the lifeworld of the participant, when studying
- As a philosophical position, it could be placed between realism and constructivism, which is an important middle position.
- Without reflexivity in qualitative research observations are seen as abstract descriptions.
Q2. Which of the following statements is false?
- Positivism is an epistemological position
- Constructivism is an ontological position
- An epistemological position entails a view on knowledge
- An ontological position entails a view on knowledge
Q3. What is the main objective of ethnography?
- To be part of the social setting for a prolonged period of time
- To be able to use a variety of methods
- To understand culture, norms, values and the social environment of a group
- To write about people you usually do not meet
Q4. Pragmatism requires the researcher to be exclusively concerned with practical knowledge.
Q5. Participant observation does not provide:
- Single type of data
- Contextualized data
- Naturally occurring data
- In-depth data
Q6. Thick description is an in-depth and contextual description in order to represent reality as factual as possible.
Q7. Which of the following statements is false:
- Deviant cases are relevant because:
- Deviant cases can require modification of a theory
- Deviant cases provide the best data
- Deviant cases can provide additional support for a theory
- Deviant cases are simply exceptional
Q8. Theoretical saturation means that no additional data are being found whereby the sociologist can develop properties of the category.
Q9. Which of the following is not a critique on triangulation?
- Triangulation is often used to search for a single truth, so it is by definition focused on a single, unconstructed reality
- Triangulation leads to a weak description of your findings
- Triangulation does lead to testing effects
- It is impossible to compare an interview with an observation because you move away from the social context of both methods
Q10. Abduction works like this:
The surprising fact, C, is observed; But if A were true, C would be a matter of course, hence, A is true
Q11. Abduction in qualitative research is:
- An analytical tool for doing focused observations in waiting rooms
- A creative and appealing form of guessing
- A criterion for rigorous research
- A form of kidnapping ideas and building conspiracy theories
Q12. Qualitative researchers tend to focus strongly on details as well as context. What is not an issue with the focus on details?
- For a focus on details the issue is on the range and depth of the focus: where to start description and where to end description?
- A focus on details is too much quick and dirty work
- Inattentional blindness
- Details and context are both independent of a researchers knowledge of the local situation
Q13. Qualitative researchers see the use of sensitizing concepts as key to good theoretical understanding, why?
- A sensitizing concept gives a definitive sense of reference and guidance in approaching empirical instances
- A sensitizing concept gives a temporary sense of reference and guidance in approaching empirical instances
- A sensitizing concept is a stable concept, which defines exactly what specific empirical instances to look for
- A sensitizing concept is a very concrete/clear-cut concept and defines exactly what specific empirical instances to look for
Q14. In the lecture it was argued that reflexivity could be seen as a confession on three levels. Which level was not considered in the lecture?
Q15. Generalisation is a big issue in more quantitative social research. In qualitative research:
- Many qualitative researchers generalise less to statistical representation, but more to variation
- Many qualitative researchers generalise less to statistical representation, but more to populations
- Qualitative researchers just don’t care about generalisation
- Many qualitative researchers generalise less to variation, but more to deviant cases
Q16. Which of the following forms of is not a form of theoretical saturation?
- Saturation by using redundancy
- Saturation by using variation
- Saturation by using theory
- Saturation by using complete representation
Q17. In naturalism social researchers are considered as part of the social world they study.
Q18. Which epistemological position fits this quote:
“Social reality has a specific meaning and relevance structure for the beings living, acting, and thinking within it”
- Interpretivist position
- Positivist position
- Pragmatist position
- Realist position
Q19. Which of the following philosophical positions places “natural” knowledge between brackets:
Q20. Which of the following methods is central to Ethnography?
- Document analysis
- Participant observation
- Biographical interviews
Q21. Dramaturgical sociology as an observational paradigm entails:
- Focusing on the city and dealing with private and public
- Focusing on self-observation and auto-ethnography
- Focusing on how people act, interact and form relationships to determine meaning
- Focusing on the forms of social interaction & social types
Q22. Selective observation (Spradley, 1980) is focused on comparisons and nuances.
Q23. A researcher can win authority based on rhetorics only, by showing the hardships he or she went through in the research.
Q24. The problem with a focus is:
- Respondent validation
- Sampling bias
- Confirmation bias
- Deliberate blindness
Q25. People use Symbolic transformation (Lofland, 1973) as a way of privatising public space
Q26. What to note when taking field notes in an observational study depends on:
- The results you expect to get
- Your writing skills
- Your personal interests
- Your research question
Q27. A woman is screaming at her partner in the supermarket. They are a fighting couple.
This is an example of interpretation
Q28. When working with multiple interviewers on the same study, a structured coding scheme enhances:
- Internal reliability
- External validity
- Internal validity
Q29. Which of the following is the not a type of triangulation?
- Triangulation of ontology
- Triangulation of methods
- Triangulation of researchers
- Triangulation of informants
Q30. In qualitative research following strict procedures is crucial
Week 8: Final Exam Quiz Answers
Q1. Which of the following is not a vision of interviewing?
- Interview as a tunnel (to the truth)
- Interview as a topic and a tunnel
- Interview as a method
- Interview as a topic
Q2. Which of the following types are types of Grounded Theories?
- World system and rational choice theories
- Objective and subjective theories
- Grand and middle-range theories
- Substantive and formal theories
Q3. What is most important about rapport in interviewing?
- It is also task-oriented behaviour and thus helps to enhance data quality
- It makes interviewing more fun for the researcher and the interviewee
- It increases the chance that the interviewee will participate in future research
- It is good for your self-esteem as and interviewer and your reputation as a kind person
Q4. What is used by definition in a semi-structured qualitative interview?
- Closed questions
- Undefined sequence of questions
- Predefined sequence of questions
- Open questions
Q5. Which of the following three aspects are used in all approaches in qualitative analysis?
- Data collection, interpreting and analysing
- Describing, analysing and generalising
- Data collection, transcribing and analysing
- Interpreting, describing and analysing
Q6. Analytic Induction and Grounded Theory are both rather inductive methods:
Q7. What is the main objective of Grounded Theory?
- To develop a theory based on data
- To generalize to a population
- To describe data grounded in theory
- To develop a pure methodology
Q8. Why is coding in Grounded Theory so important?
- Coding is one of the good practices of qualitative research
- Coding helps you to confirm your newly developed theory by testing your codes
- Coding is a way to organise the constant comparison of data with data, data with concepts and categories
- Coding enhances the quality of your research, because codes are short summaries
Q9. According to Charmaz the ontological position of a Grounded Theory researcher should be objectivist
Q10. Some approaches of qualitative analysis are iterative. What does iterative mean?
- That the researcher repeats the data collection after finding contradictory cases
- That the researcher goes back and forward between data and theoretical claims
- That the researcher follows the research cycle step by step
- That the researcher uses triangulation of methods
Q11. To ensure the best quality of gathered information using open interviews, the best probing tactic is by definition:
- It does not matter, probing techniques are more important
Q12. Reflexivity is not a part of the writing process
Q13. Mixing methods could be useful because:
- Quantitative methods are inferior to qualitative methods, so by mixing the quality of the research will increase
- Qualitative methods are inferior to quantitative methods, so by mixing the quality of the research will increase
- Quantitative methods and qualitative methods could complement each other
- Quantitative methods and qualitative methods are incompatible
Q14. There are five focal points in ethics, which of the following is not a focal point:
- Informed consent
- Do no harm
Q15. An interview is a conversation with a purpose.
Q16. The purpose of the interview as a topic is:
- To obtain useful information through observation of the interview
- To obtain useful information about events and facts of the life of the interviewee
- To obtain useful information about emotions and experiences facts of the interviewee
- To obtain useful information about stories and the life world of the interviewee
Q17. Behaviour in interviews can be oriented towards:
- The interview as a technique
- The interviewee as an object
- The interview as a good practice
- The interviewee as a person
Q18. As a result of Oakley’s (1981) critique on the interview as a power game, in the literature the emphasis shifted towards:
- The interviewer as an expert
- Stronger focus on rapport, trust and reciprocity
- The interview as a neutral method of research
- The interviewee as inferior to the interviewer
Q19. Probing means to respond to replies from the interviewee with the aim to ask as many questions as possible within a limited amount of time.
Q20. Which of the following statements about content analysis and analytic induction is true?
- Content analysis is a more sequential approach
- Analytic induction is by definition less rigorous
- Analytic induction is a more sequential approach
- Content analysis is by definition less rigorous
Q21.Framework analysis can be seen a version of content analysis.
Q22. Which of the following characteristics is not a key characteristic of Framework analysis
- Framework analysis retains links to original data
- Framework analysis works with hierarchies of themes and sub-themes
- Framework analysis is both a case and theme based approach
- Framework analysis expands data
Q23. The difference between Framework Analysis and Content Analysis is:
- Framework analysis entails coding the data, whereas content analysis does not.
- Framework analysis has strict interpretation rules, whereas content analysis has not.
- Framework analysis has clear definitions of codes, whereas content analysis has not.
- Framework analysis reduces data through summaries and synthesis, whereas content analysis does not.
Q24. According to Karl Popper (1959) verification is crucial for the scientific method.
Q25. One of the objectives of qualitative writing is to account for the author’s choices in the application of research methods.
Q26. A realist tale involves:
- A narrative format
- Multiple interpretations of the studied life world
- A clearly visible author
- A distanced author
Q27. A common weakness of quite some published qualitative research studies is:
- It has no weaknesses
- Lack of transparency
- Lack of subjectivity
- Lack of flexibility
Q28. Ethical considerations are important in qualitative research:
- To uphold your reputation as a researcher
- Because researchers have a responsibility towards the people under study
- To gain authority in the field
- Because of ethical boards
Q29. Self-Doubt is the enemy of any researcher.
Q30. If you consider the interview as a topic, rather than a tunnel, you tend
to have a more
- Emotionalist view of the interview
- Constructivist view of the interview
- Positivist view of the interview
- Objectivist view of the interview
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