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Get All Global Health at the Human-Animal-Ecosystem Interface Quiz Answers
Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the importance of One Health in Global Health?
2. The One Health approach is key to addressing Global Health challenges at the human-animal-ecosystem interface such as emerging zoonotic diseases
3.One Health brings vets and zoologists more prominently to the Global Health arena
Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the areas of common interest and collaboration of the so-called Tripartite Alliance?View 1. The three priority areas of collaboration of the Tripartite Alliance are: Rabies,
Avian Influenza and Ebola
2. The fight against antimicrobial resistance has become a priority for the Tripartite
Q3. In the context of a zoonotic threat, which of the following statements is/are correct concerning joint cross-sectoral health risk assessments?View
2 . Governmental support and openness for collaboration between Ministries is key for joint cross-sectoral health risk assessments at the national level
3. Defining risk questions is a key step in the risk assessment and these questions should be as broad as possible to cover any unexpected circumstances during the health crisis
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the links between human health and the health of our planet?View
2. Planetary health refers to the interdependence between human health and health of the natural systems on which it depends
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning global trade of food animals and its regulation?View
2. The sanitary risks of the global trade of food animals come from the transportation of living animals, not from animal products
3. In the context of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement, WTO (World Trade Organisation) member states can integrate global recommendations in the national regulatory frameworks
Quiz 01: Graded quiz on “Emerging Infectious Diseases”
Q1. Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove from Institut Pasteur describes her research experiences in live-poultry markets in Southeast Asia. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning epidemiological investigations in the context of zoonotic outbreaks?View
2.The One Health approach is central to epidemiological investigations of zoonotic outbreaks, where humans, animals, and the environment should be screened for the presence of the emerging pathogen
Q2. According to the discussion with Dr Marc Jouan, which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the organisation and mission of Institut Pasteur and its global network?View
2.The One Health approach is part of the working principles of the Institute Pasteur
3.One of the common goals of all institutes within the network is to build local capacity to perform cutting-edge research in infectious diseases and to apply it to public health interventions
Q3. IHR 3.0 Simulator (or Simulator RSI 3.0 in French) is being developed by a consortium of European public Universities and in consultation with the World Health Organisation. Which of the following statements is/are also correct concerning the IHR 3.0 Simulator?View
2.The IHR 3.0 Simulator is a role-playing game that involves WHO and national governments directly or indirectly affected during a public health emergency of international concern
3.IHR 3.0 Simulator is a “serious game” where the player’s goal is to prevent the spill-over of infections from animals to humans
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the disease ecology of the Nipah virus in Cambodia and the way researchers study bat populations in the field?View
2.Oral and rectal swabs from bats allow direct detection of the virus, while blood samples are used to perform serological analysis, which informs about previous exposure to the infection
3.The reproductive activity of bats is highly synchronic and the annual peak in the prevalence of the Nipah virus matches with the arrival of new young and naïve individuals to the population
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the human-bats interface in Cambodia and the study of Nipah virus spill-over?View
2.Rabies and Nipah virus disease are well recognised by local communities in Cambodia
3.In epidemiological investigations, anthropologists study the way local communities perceive bats and how they interact with them in their daily lives
Q6. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning vector-borne diseases (VBDs) and the need for collaborative approaches for their study and control?View
2.In the fight against VBDs, transdisciplinary approaches are more complete than interdisciplinary ones because they involve both different disciplines and sectors
Q7. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the importance of understanding animal behaviour in the context of Global Health?View
2.Some parasites can induce behavioural changes in their insect hosts
3.Behavioural ecologists can help epidemiologists and public health experts to understand the whole biological cycle of a parasite
Q8. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the contributions of social anthropology to the fight against emerging infections?View
2.The integration of lay knowledge in epidemiological investigations can be viewed as part of the cross-sectoral approach in One Health
3.Social and medical anthropologists help to integrate local knowledge of human-animal socio-ecology to help epidemiologists in the identification of the source of the emergence
Q9. According to Dr. Geoffroy Mauvais, which of the following statements are correct concerning the link between conservation and health?View
2.Solutions for human-wildlife conflict management lie in abatement of their consequences.
Q10. According to Dr. Geoffroy Mauvais, which of the following statements are correct concerning the reversed spillover of disease?View
2.There are examples of diseases transmitted to wildlife by cattle brought from another continent.
3.Strict control is crucial to prevent further dissemination of the disease, especially during transportation of animals.
Quiz 01: Graded quiz on “Antimicrobial Resistance & Zoonotic Foodborne Infectious Diseases”
Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the burden of Antimicrobial Resistance and its threat for Global Health?View
2.The global burden of Antimicrobial Resistance may be underestimated because of the lack of information for certain countries of the world
Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the WHO Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance?View
2.The WHO Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance will be adapted nationally and each country will develop its specific plan by 2017
Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the integrated surveillance of antimicrobial use and resistance as illustrated by CIPARS in Canada?View
2.Based on the Salmonella Heidelberg-ceftiofur story, it can take less than one year for a large change in antimicrobial use in young chicken to impact the antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the global burden of AMR and its clinical implications?View
2.Antimicrobial resistance brings an additional complication to the fight against nosocomial infections around the world
3.Nosocomial infections are caused by pan-resistant bacteria, which are untreatable
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the emergence and spread of multi-drug resistant Salmonella Kentucky ?View
2.Resistant Salmonella Kentucky emerged from the animal sector
Q6. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the integrated surveillance of human enteric diseases as illustrated by FoodNet Canada ?View
2.Using a standardized sampling frame similar across all sentinel sites and over years is an asset for surveillance
Quiz 01: Graded quiz on “Zoonotic Neglected Infectious Diseases”
Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the so-called WHO Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)?View
2.NTDs include a group 18 zoonotic diseases and therefore the One Health approach is very relevant to tackling them
Q2. According to experiences in rabies control in Kuazulu-Natal in South Africa, which of the following factors is/are important for success?View
2.Inform the community and involve it through education and training
Q3. According to Dr. H. Bourhy (Institut Pasteur), what are some of the major research priorities for improving the control of Rabies?View
2.Improve our understanding of the pathobiology of rabies and the drivers of virus spill-over
3.Improve awareness among the population to promote mass dog vaccination
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the prevention of rabies in human in the context of Nunavik (Canada) ?View
2.The use of dogs by Inuit has changed in Nunavik, Quebec
3.The One Health and the EcoHealth approaches are required together
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning Tunisian public health interventions in the fight against cutaneous leishmaniasis?View
2.Epidemiological surveillance and treatment of infected patients are key in the national public health strategy to control cutaneous leishmaniasis
3.Ecological systems are resilient and therefore sustainability of public health interventions can be key for the elimination of leishmaniosis
Q6. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the impact of Zoonotic TB?View
Quiz 01: Graded quiz on “Conflict and Injuries”
Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the management of protected areas and the human-wildlife conflicts around them?View
2.Elephants can be responsible for human food insecurity in certain regions of Africa
3.Human populations and their domestic animals cannot be excluded in the management of protected areas and their wildlife
Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the global burden of snakebite?View
Q3. Sub-Saharan Africa and other poor areas of the world are facing the so called snakebite crisis. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning snakebite and the associated crisis?View
2.“Doctors Without Borders” works to tackle the absence of or inaccessibility to polyvalent snake antivenom in Sub-Saharan Africa
3.Snakebite is responsible for thousands of deaths every year in Sub-Saharan Africa
4.Data from hospitals provide an underestimation of the real incidence of snakebite at the community level
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the burden of snakebite in livestock in Costa Rica?View
Quiz 02: Graded quiz on “Innovation and Opportunities”
Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning Digital Epidemiology and Traditional Epidemiology ?View
2.Digital epidemiology can make epidemiology more relevant for Global Health
Q2. According to the discussion with Prof Grey (UNIGE), which of the following statements is/are correct concerning Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing ?View
2.The field of health has traditionally attracted a lot of citizen participation, but thanks to the web this is being extended to new scientific fields such as ornithology
3.Crowdsourcing relies on web technologies, smartphones, etc., and is a relatively young concept
4.Citizen science refers to the non-professional participation of amateurs in scientific projects
5.The biggest challenge of citizen science and crowdsourcing is to attract public participation and sustain it over time
Quiz 01: Graded Quiz on “Health Benefits at the Human-Animal-Ecosystem Interface”
Q1. According to Dr. Estelle Fourat, which of the following statements are correct concerning the nutrition transition and the example of India?View
2.Nutrition transition implies the replacement of plant proteins with animal proteins and occurs along with economic development.
Q2. According to Dr. Martin Schlaepfer, which of the following statements are correct concerning the link between ecosystem services and health?View
2.Health systems impact environmental services, and vice versa.
3.Ecosystem services are ecological functions and goods that contribute to human well-being.
4.Health, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems are directly and obviously interlinked within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Q3. According to Dr. Dennis Turner, which of the following are the benefits of owning a companion animal for human health?View
2.Reduced feelings of anger and aggression
3.Increased endurance and fitness level
4.Improved quality of life
5.Higher survival rates of heart attack patients
Q4. Which of the following statements are correct concerning the “Hygiene hypothesis” introduced by Dr. Caroline Roduit?View
2.Children from large families are less vulnerable to certain types of diseases, such as atopic dermatitis.
Q5. According to Dr. Jean Simos, which of the following statements are correct concerning Environmental health?View
2.Environmental hazards account for around 25% of the global burden of disease.
3.The hygienist movement introduced major changes to urban planning.
4.The burden of diseases due to environmental issues is larger in developed countries.
Quiz 01: Graded Quiz on “Management of Ecosystems under Global Changes”
Q1. According to Ms. Villalobos Prats, what should be done to protect health from global environmental change in a gender-responsive manner?
(There may be multiple correct/applicable responses, and all need to be selected)View
2.Collect sex-disaggregated data
3.Understand different gender-specific health risks
4.Promote gender-specific health impact assessments
5.Include gender analysis in the assessment of environmental vulnerability
6.Encourage women`s leadership in biodiversity conservation programs
7.Promote participation of women in agriculture
Q2. According to Dr. Francesco Branca, which of the following statements are correct concerning the linkage between health and nutrition?View
2.Addressing diet and malnutrition will reduce healthcare costs, decrease the disease burden and promote development.
3.Malnutrition is manifested in both undernutrition and overnutrition.
4.Low birth weight can contribute to developing obesity and noncommunicable diseases later in life.
Q3. According to Ms. Lina Mahy, which of the following statements are correct concerning the linkage between the food systems, nutrition and climate change?View
2.Biodiversity is key for ensuring food security and healthy diets.
Q4. According to Dr. Christopher Golden, which of the following statements are correct concerning the importance of global fisheries?View
2.The declining global fish catch will have different effects on different population groups, including nutrient deficiencies in some countries and Westernization of diets in others
Q5. According to Dr. Jake Rice, which of the following statements are correct concerning the sustainable management of ecosystems?View
2.Vulnerability of biodiversity depends also on the capacity of countries to manage the threats.
Q6. According to Dr. Jake Rice, what are the factors that link coastal degradation and human health?
(There may be multiple correct/applicable responses, and all need to be selected)View
2.Emerging infectious diseases
3.Contaminated food and water
4.Degradation of traditional cultural use of areas for food and recreation
According to Dr. Daniela Moura, which of the following statements are correct concerning the importance of biodiversity for healthy diets?View
2.Food and nutrition policies should be included in the environmental conservation strategies.
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