Health for All Through Primary Health Care Quiz Answers

Get All Four Week Health for All Through Primary Health Care Quiz Answers

Week 01: One

Q1. Who is the father of primary health care in developing countries?

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James P. Grant

Q2. Where was the first pioneering primary healthcare project in a developing country?

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Ding Xian, China (about 100 miles from Beijing)

Q3. What was the significance of the recognition in the 1960s that Christian medical mission hospitals were not effectively improving the health of the populations surrounding these hospitals?

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It led to the recognition of a need for a new approach to improving the health of populations

Q4. Which of the following is NOT one of the so-called pillars of primary health care as outlined by the Declaration of Alma Ata?

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An exclusive focus on comprehensive healthcare services

Q5. When selective primary health care emerged as the global health priority in the 1980s, what were its “twin engines”?

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Immunizations and oral rehydration fluids (to treat childhood diarrhea)

Q6. The Declaration of Alma Ata limited the provision of primary health care services to those provided by physicians.

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False

Q7. Today, international donors still favor which approach to health improvement?

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The vision of primary health care that includes a balance of “vertical” (selective) and “horizontal” (comprehensive) services

Q8. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that the Alma Ata vision of primary health care failed to gain more traction in the 1980s and 1990s?

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The “Cold War” (between the USSR and the United States) and the view in the US that the Alma Ata vision of primary health care was politically unacceptable

Q9. Since the publication of the 2008 series in the journal The Lancet on Alma Ata, there has been a renewed awareness of the relevance of the Alma Ata vision of primary health care for today and tomorrow.

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True

Q10. The Declaration of Alma Ata explicitly points to the global expenditures on armaments and military conflicts as an impediment to the achievement of Health for All.

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True

Week 02: Two

Q1. Medical care provided by doctors and nurses in health centers and hospitals is far and away the most important approach to improving the health of impoverished populations.

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False

Q2. Primary health care services typically receive the lion’s share of government budgets for health.

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False

Q3. Most out-of-pocket expenses for health in developing countries such as Bangladesh are for hospital care.

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True

Q4. Among the following four choices, which three are important reasons why community-based primary health care (services provided in the community outside of health facilities by community-based workers) is needed in high-mortality, resource-constrained settings?

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1: Healthcare facilities are often far away from where people live.

2: Properly trained and supported community-based workers can be highly effective in reaching populations and improving health.

3: Changing behaviors at the household level is one of the most important cost-effective approaches to improving health in these settings

Q5. Unfortunately, only a few interventions have been demonstrated scientifically to be effective in improving population-based child health when implemented in communities outside of health facilities.

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False

Q6. The census-based, impact-oriented (CBIO) approach involves, among other things, using routine systematic visitation of all homes for surveillance, obtaining important health-related information from the population, delivering key services, and monitoring progress in improving health.

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True

Q7. In the CBIO framework, vertical (selective), top-down approaches are emphasized

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False

Q8. Care Groups are composed of people who live in 10-12 adjacent households in the same neighborhood.

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True

Q9. Who said,” There is no universal solution, but there is a universal process to find an appropriate local solution”?

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Halfdan Mahler

Q10. The Neighborhood Health Center movement and the philosophy of community-oriented primary health care in the United States are based on the work of which pioneers?

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John Grant, Jimmy Yen, and CC Chen in China

Week 03: Three

Q1. The population coverage of important child survival interventions in the 74 countries with high levels of maternal and child mortality is highest for which group of interventions? (Select the one best answer)

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Immunizations and vitamin A

Q2. The Jamkhed Project in India has been able to achieve a dramatic decline in infant mortality through which of the following? (Select the single most appropriate answer)

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All of these options

Q3. Which of the following statements about the Hospital Albert Schweitzer in Haiti is NOT true? (Select all those that apply)

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1: The Hospital Albert Schweitzer in Haiti is a good example of how under-five mortality can be reduced by focusing only on highly selective, vertical child survival interventions.

2: The Hospital Albert Schweitzer in Haiti has achieved equity of mortality impact throughout its program area.

Q4. SEARCH (Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health) is the world’s foremost example of what? (Select the most appropriate answer)

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SEED-SCALE

Q5. Care Group projects in the Gaza and Sofala Provinces of Mozambique described in the lectures have been effective in doing what? (select all the apply)

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Changing key household behaviors relevant to maternal and child health.

Providing evidence of reductions in under-five mortality at a very low cost.

Q6. BRAC is the world’s best example of what? (select the single best answer)

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Implementing the principles of Alma-Ata at scale

Q7. Which of the following statements about BRAC’s Shasthya Shebikas are true? (select the single most appropriate answer)

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BRAC’s Shasthya Shebikas receive a tiny profit from each sale of commodities (e.g., soap, sanitary napkins, oral rehydration packets, condoms, etc.) and “over-the-counter” medications.

Q8. Which of the following statements about the Care Group model is true? (select all that apply)

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The Care Group approach is a very low-cost approach to health improvement in a resource-constrained, high-mortality setting.

Care group volunteers are a successful example of the effectiveness of peer-to-peer health education.

Q9. What are the program strategies for which there is strong evidence of effectiveness for geographically defined populations of children in high-mortality, resource-constrained settings? (Select all that apply)

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Community case management

Outreach services provided by mobile health teams

Regular growth monitoring of children

Routine systematic home visitation

Participatory women’s groups

Provision of integrated case management of childhood illness at health facilities (health centers and dispensaries)

Q10. According to your reading for this week entitled, “Community participation: lessons for maternal, newborn, and child health,” community mobilization can bring about cost-effective and substantial reductions in mortality and improvements in the health of newborn infants, children, and mothers. (true or false)

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True

Week 04: Four

Q1. Which of the statements about Community Health Workers is true? (select all that apply)

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Community Health Workers should be well-linked to health systems AND communities.

Community Health Workers are essential for achieving high levels of coverage of basic key evidence-based interventions in resource-constrained settings

Q2. Which of the following were key challenges encountered in a recent review carried out of Community Health Worker programs around the world? (Select all that apply)

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Lack of acceptance by communities themselves

Poor supervision and support

Poor planning

Conflicts with physicians and nurses

Q3. The proposal for 1 million Community Health Workers in rural Africa would make it possible to provide ONE salaried CHW providing a broad range of services for every 250 people. (true or false?)

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False

Q4. What is the specific goal of the Call to Action for ending preventable deaths among children younger than 5 years of age?

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Reaching an under-5 mortality of less than 20 deaths per 1,000 live births globally by the year 2035

Q5. According to the “Imagine” video that was one of your assignments for this week, 1 billion people have never seen a health worker in their entire lives. (true or false?)

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True

Q6. Community case management by Community Health Workers is a highly effective approach to detecting and managing what important life-threatening conditions? (select all that apply)

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Childhood pneumonia

Childhood diarrhea

Neonatal sepsis

Childhood malaria

Q7. Which of the following is NOT a feature of the BRAC Manoshi Project for reducing maternal, neonatal and child mortality in slums in Bangladesh

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Training and employing obstetrician-gynecologists and neonatologists to improve the quality of medical care provided in hospitals

Q8. Which of the following are features of the Brazilian primary health care system?

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Family health teams in which community health workers and home visits are central components

Q9. One of the many stellar features of the Brazilian primary health care system is its high levels of coverage of testing for HIV status in pregnant women and universal access to free HIV medications for patients with AIDS. (true or false?)

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False

Q10. The Brazilian primary health care system is NOT an appropriate model for poor countries because Brazil is a middle-income country with more resources for health. (true or false?)

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False

Summary: Dive into the world of inclusive and accessible healthcare with our blog, Health for All Through Primary Health Care Quiz Answers. Uncover the solutions to thought-provoking quiz questions, gaining a deep understanding of essential wellness principles.

This comprehensive guide empowers you to navigate the intricacies of primary health care, providing insights into preventive measures, holistic well-being, and inclusive healthcare practices.

Elevate your health literacy, make informed choices, and embark on a journey toward vitality. Explore the answers that unlock the path to health for all—because your well-being matters!

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