All Weeks Child Nutrition and Cooking Coursera Quiz Answers
Quiz 1: Why Home Cooking Matters
Q1. Which one of the following is NOT a major contributor to the childhood obesity epidemic?
- Increase in physical activity.
- Increase in portion sizes, especially in the US.
- Increase in the availability of processed foods
- Increase in soda and other sweetened beverage consumption
Q2. True or False? Eating habits do not begin to develop until a child is 7-8 years of age.
Q3. Choose the best answer to complete the sentence below.
In America today, the average child’s consumption of “fast” processed foods has __ when compared with the previous generation.
- Remained unchanged
Q4. Which of the following would be a good way to educate children about making nutritious food choices?
- Taking children to a farmer’s market
- Limiting exposure to screen-based ads for processed foods
- Planting something with your children that you can then eat later on
- All of the above would be good ways to encourage healthy eating
Q5. True or false? An increase in “screen time” is linked to an increase in childhood obesity.
Q6. Of the following scenarios, which is NOT an example of food playing a social function?
- A family sits together at dinnertime and the children share, with their parents, the joys and frustrations they have been experiencing at school.
- Each year, Annie’s friends fly across the country to celebrate her birthday at her favorite restaurant.
- Without food, Joe’s brain would have no energy to coordinate the necessary physical movements and thought processes needed to interact with his friends.
- Guests at a business conference mingle and discuss their work over a meal.
Q7. A child who is obese has a greater chance of suffering from which of the following diseases? Choose the best answer from the choices below.
- Heart Disease
- All of the diseases above have been associated with childhood obesity.
Quiz 02 : Elements of a Healthy Kitchen
Q1. What is a simple, healthy way to make a vegetable dish more flavorful?
- Use sauteed onions and garlic as a base
- Add large amounts of salt to bring out the natural flavors
- Add large amounts of sugar until the ingredients are masked by sweetness
- Vegetable dishes are not meant to be flavorful
Q2. True or False: In order to cook healthy, nutritious meals, you should buy fresh produce every week.
Q3. Read the labels on the following yoghurts. Which would be the healthier choice for a parent making a fruit smoothie as part of a balanced breakfast for a child?
- Yoghurt A
- Yoghurt B
Q4. Choose the best number to complete the sentence below.
At present, one out of every __ children living in the United States of America is either overweight or obese.
Q5. True or False? The most nutrient-rich vegetables are dark green in color, so we should ONLY feed these vegetables to our children.
Q6. True or false? MyPlate suggests we fill half of our plate with fruits and vegetables.
Q7. True or false? The USDA dietary recommendations are permanent, unchanging, and apply to all cultures around the globe.
Quiz 03: Why Home Cooking Matters
Q1. True or False? Eggs are considered a “complete” source of protein.
Q2. True or False? To get the health benefits from olive oil, one must buy the most expensive brands available.
Q3. Why has food marketing in the United States become so sophisticated? Choose the TWO best answers.
- Billions of dollars are spent marketing processed foods
- The US legislature closely regulates the nutritional content of all foods marketed to young children
- Consumers feel as if there are many options when shopping for food, so sophisticated marketing is appealing to companies wishing to sell more of their product
Q4. Which of the following would be the worst/least healthy list of food items you could choose if you were trying to stock your kitchen pantry to facilitate easy preparation of healthy, home-cooked meals on a regular basis?
- Dried black beans, rolled oats, brown rice and lemons
- Onions, garlic, olive oil, potatoes and dried kidney beans
- Brown rice, dried lentils, quinoa pasta and granola
- Potato chips, candy bars, canned meat and hot dog buns
Q5. True or False? Food fuels our bodies to grow, but it does not help our bodies repair damage.
Q6. Which of the following are benefits of stocking the kitchen pantry?
- A stocked kitchen pantry promotes home-cooking which is healthier than eating out
- Having different ingredients on hand allows you to experiment with new dishes and combinations
- Planning ahead for cooking saves time and money
- All of the above
Q7. Which of the following is the primary reason why processed food manufacturers strip their base ingredients (like corn) of many naturally occurring nutrients during commercial/industrial food processing?
- Stripping base ingredients of their naturally occurring nutrients is done, primarily, to enhance food safety while maintaining nutritional value of the base ingredient.
- Stripping base ingredients of their naturally occurring nutrients increases the shelf-life of the end product.
- Stripping base ingredients of their naturally occurring nutrients increases the nutrient value of the end product.
- Stripping base ingredients of their naturally occurring nutrients reduces cooking time as the end product is already “partially cooked”
Child Nutrition and Cooking Week 02 Quiz Answers
Quiz 01: The Elements of a Balanced Meal
Q1. Which one of the following is a healthy type of cooking fat, containing naturally occurring, unsaturated “good” fats?
- Pork fat (lard)
- Olive Oil
- Palm Kernel Oil
Q2. True or false? Since some fats have been shown to raise cholesterol, we should try to cut out all types of fat from our children’s diets.
Q3. True or false? The key to a healthy vegetarian diet is eating large amounts of one source of vegetable-based protein.
Q4. True or False? All fats, including omega-3 and trans fats, are uniformly bad for your health.
Q5. Which of the following is NOT true about eggs?
- Organic eggs tend to be free of antibiotic residues.
- Eggs contain all of the essential amino acids in amounts necessary to qualify as a “complete protein.”
- When cooking eggs, margarine is preferable to butter because it often contains trans fats that elevate LDL cholesterol.
Q6. True or False? A well-balanced meal contains a small portion of vegetables, a large amount of protein, and a source of simple carbohydrates.
Q7. Chicken and brown rice, broccoli stir-fry, and whole grain bread with cheese are examples of meals with a _ . (Choose the best answer to fill in the blank.)
- Low Glycemic Index
- High Glycemic Index
Q8. True or False? Butter is high in fat and should not be used to grease pans when non-stick sprays are available.
Q9. True or false? Unsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature, while saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature.
Q10. True or False? Compared with unprocessed “whole” foods, processed foods are equally healthy for our children because nutrients are usually back added to these foods.
Q11. Which of the following are TRUE about balanced meals? Select the TWO correct answers.
- Water is an ideal drink for a balanced meal, but small amounts of juice are also acceptable
- Dish size does not affect the amounts that children eat
- Family time during balanced meals can be beneficial for children’s development
Q12. True or False? Whole grain foods, like brown rice and whole grain bread, contain more fiber than refined or heavily processed foods, like white rice and white bread.
Q13. Which of the following is NOT an important role of dietary fats for children?
- Facilitating brain development
- Promoting nervous system functioning
- Preventing fullness
- Insulation of the body
Q14. True or False? Homemade tomato sauce tends to be healthier than store-bought, partly because it does not need preservatives.
Q15. You are making a soup with carrots, peas and yellow squash, lots of fresh herbs, and some chicken thigh meat. You have seasoned it with salt, pepper, some other spices and a squeeze of fresh lemon juice. What could you add to make this soup into a complete, balanced meal, all in one pot?
- Brown rice
- Chicken breast
Quiz 02: Sugar, Hunger and the Glycemic Index
Q1. Which of the following statements about sugar is TRUE? Select one answer.
- You should avoid eating all foods that contain any sugar
- Most of the sugar in our diet comes from fresh fruit
- At present, the average American diet is relatively high in sugar, including refined carbohydrates
- Children who eat small amounts of sugar have a significantly greater risk of developing osteoporosis
Q2. True or False? Apple and grape juice can have the same sugar content as soda.
Q3. You feel hungry sooner after eating foods with a high glycemic index. Why? High GI foods cause blood sugar to rise more , causing a corresponding in insulin levels. Insulin spikes can cause blood sugar to drop below normal levels and the low blood sugar levels can trigger the sensation of hunger.
- Quickly, drop
- Slowly, decline
- Quickly, spike
- Slowly, rise
Q4. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about the hormone insulin? Choose the one INCORRECT statement.
- Insulin is a hormone that works to lower blood sugar.
- Insulin levels rise more slowly after a high glycemic meal.
- When insulin levels spike and blood sugar levels drop, you may feel hungry again soon after a snack.
- In a healthy person, insulin levels increase as blood sugar increases.
Q5. You can lower the glycemic index of a food by doing which of the following? Choose TWO best answers.
- Choosing complex carbohydrates over simple carbohydrates
- Choosing simple carbohydrates over complex carbohydrates
- Choosing foods that contain protein, healthy fats, and fiber
- Limiting foods that contain fats
Q6. True or false? Sugary cereals, soda, and processed foods are among the largest contributors to excess sugar in the American diet.
Q7. True or False? Desserts can never be part of a healthy diet.
Q8. True or False? The majority of children’s sugar intake comes from processed foods, not from sugar added to cooking at home.
Q9. You are checking the ingredients list on a package of granola. It does not read “sugar” anywhere, but you know from taking Child Nutrition and Cooking that it may still contain sugar. Which of the following is another name for sugar?
- Corn syrup
- Brown rice syrup
- Evaporated cane juice
- All of the Above
Q10. Which of the following is NOT a healthier substitution?
- Quinoa pasta instead of plain pasta
- Brown rice instead of white rice
- Plain pasta instead of whole-wheat pasta
Q11. True or false? Simple carbohydrates, like sugar, are important in the diet because they prevent us from getting hungry again quickly after a meal.
Quiz 03: What Constitutes a Balanced Meal?
Q1. Lactose, the sugar found in milk, is a combination of which of the following sugars? Select the TWO correct answers.
Q2. What does glycemic index (GI) measure?
- Your height to weight ratio and whether or not you are overweight
- The ratio of sugar to fat and carbohydrate in a particular food
- The energy content of a particular food
- How quickly your blood sugar levels increase after eating a particular food
Q3. True or False? Table sugar is considered a toxin and should be avoided from our diets altogether.
Q4. True or false: Proteins are very important for multiple functions in the body, including building and repairing body tissues.
Q5. True or False? The CDC warns that children are consuming too many fats, while excess sugar consumption is not an issue.
Q6. True or False? Legumes, like beans, contain all of the 9 essential amino acids needed to support growth, repair, and maintenance in our children’s bodies.
Q7. Which of the following in NOT an important part of a balanced meal?
- Plant-based foods like fruits and vegetables
- Sources of protein, like fish or lentils
- Sweets and processed carbohydrates
- Whole grain sources of carbohydrates like brown rice or quinoa
Q8. Which of the following is NOT an example of a source of naturally occurring unsaturated fat?
- Vegetable oils
Q9. Which of the following hormones is responsible for lowering blood sugar after we eat a meal?
- Stress hormones
Q10. True or False? Cake should not be eaten by children as it cannot be a part of a healthy child’s diet.
Q11. True or False? Saturated fats tend to increase the amount of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the body, but have not been shown to lower good cholesterol.
Child Nutrition and Cooking Week 03 Quiz Answers
Quiz 01: Navigating the supermarket
Q1. True or false? In general, foods with long shelf lives tend to have lower nutrient densities than more perishable foods.
Q2. hich one statement below is INCORRECT with regard to packing healthy lunch boxes? Select the one INCORRECT statement from the list below.
- Leftover food from last night’s dinner should NEVER be packed in a child’s lunchbox.
- Bacteria can grow quickly in dips left at room temperature, so they should be kept cool by using a coolpack if the lunchbox will be unrefrigerated for several hours.
- Cutting foods, like fresh fruits, into manageable sizes for children’s mouths makes it easier, especially for small children, to eat a packed lunch.
Q3. Bhakti has often accompanied her father to the farmers’ market to buy fruits and vegetables, so she has had a lot of visual exposure to them. Compared to a child without much visual exposure to fruits and vegetables, Bhakti is _ likely to be willing to consume them.
Q4. True or False? When shopping for food, a general rule of thumb is to purchase items that will last longer in order to make less trips to the grocery store.
Q5. True or False? Children should eat 3-5 servings of vegetables each day, not including potatoes.
Q6. True or False? Carrots are the most common “vegetable” eaten by US children.
Q7. True or false? Fresh foods (fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs) are usually located in the center aisles of the supermarket.
Q8. All of the following are true about vegetable consumption in the United States EXCEPT:
- Eating “like a rainbow” helps increase our intake of a broad range of nutrients.
- According to the USDA, most children in the United States are not eating the daily recommended amount of vegetables.
- Allium vegetables like onion and garlic should never be fed to children under 12 as the flavors are too strong for them.
- Showing children that you enjoy eating vegetables can get them motivated to try them.
Quiz 02: The Dinner Table
Q1. What is the most common vegetable eaten by children living in the U.S.?
- Potatoes, steamed
- Potatoes, in the form of french fries
Q2. True or False? Cooking is too dangerous for young children and they should therefore not be allowed to help with meal preparation.
Q3. True or False? In America today, children are sitting down to eat meals with their families less frequently than their grandparents did.
Quiz 03: From Supermarket to Dinner Table to School
Q1. True or false? Foods in supermarkets are never placed in strategic locations (ie: specific levels on the shelf) in order to appeal to young children.
Q2. Which of the following is an example of potentially dangerous cross-contamination?
- You cut raw chicken on your board before cutting broccoli for a salad.
- You cut carrots, a root vegetable, on your board before cutting apples.
- You cut raw chicken on your board after you have finished cutting all of your vegetables.
Q3. True or False? It doesn’t matter how chickens are raised (factory or free range) because the meat we eat ends up being the same.
Q4. Which of the following food items has the highest spoil rate?
- Packaged cookies
- Canned tomatoes
- Potato chips
Q5. Which one of the following is NOT associated with overcrowding in industrial chicken farms?
- Use of antibiotics
- Leaner chickens with less fat
- More exposure of chickens to infectious diseases
Q6. How can you ensure that your child eats a healthy lunch at school?
- Make sure your child eats the lunch served by the school cafeteria each day
- Pack sliced fruit and fresh vegetables in your child’s lunchbox
- Place fruits and vegetables out of sight at home so they are novelties to children and they are curious to try them on special occasions
Q7. Which of the following is NOT a major theory about why children might refuse certain foods?
- Children have a greater sensitivity to certain foods
- Parents aren’t exposing their kids to a wide enough variety of foods
- Children have different nutritional needs at different stages of growth
- Many parents try to raise their children to be picky eaters
Q8. Which of the following is NOT a good way to approach grocery shopping if healthy choices are desired?
- Make a shopping list before you visit the supermarket and try to stick to it as closely as possible
- Shop in the periphery of the supermarket (around the edges) – usually the places where fruits, vegetables, fresh meats and dairy products are displayed
- Avoid processed food aisles as much as possible
- Visit the supermarket when you’re hungry and walk through the candy aisle first
Q9. True or False? Cutting boards, knives, and hands should be washed thoroughly after handling raw chicken because raw chicken can potentially carry harmful bacteria.
Q10. Which of the following is NOT a recognized benefit of eating regular family meals?
- Better nutritional intake
- Positive attitudes towards food and eating
- More time spent in front of screens
- Healthier eating behaviors in the long-term
Child Nutrition and Cooking Week 04 Quiz Answers
Quiz 01: What is Sustainable Eating?
Q1. True or false? Buying local food helps support your local economy.
Q2. Which of the following is NOT an environmental impact of industrially-raised meat?
- Massive lagoons full of waste
- Fossil fuels that create greenhouse gases
- Overuse of antibiotics, which can lead to “superbugs”
- Excess fertilizers promote healthy fish communities.
Q3. Which one of the following is NOT a possible side effect of conventional (non-organic) agriculture?
- Pesticides and fertilizers increase greenhouse gases.
- Fertilizer runoff creates “dead zones” in oceans and lakes
- Pesticides overuse can create “super bugs”
- Farm workers generally have better working conditions
Q4. True or false? “Organic” and “Natural” mean the same thing.
Q5. True or false? Compared to beef, chicken has lower associated greenhouse gas emissions and less saturated fat.
Q6. Which one of the following is NOT included in the definition of organic?
- Grown within 200 miles of the store in which it’s sold
- No synthetic pesticides
- No synthetic fertilizers
- No genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
Quiz 01: Growing a Kitchen Garden
Q1. True or False? After covering the seeds with potting mix, pat down on the soil firmly so it is compact.
Q2. What are the benefits of growing a kitchen garden? Select ALL that apply.
- A garden provides fresh, delicious produce for meals
- Getting kids involved in the garden can encourage them to eat fruit and vegetables
- You will never again need to shop at a grocery store if you have a kitchen garden
Q3. True or False? Studies have shown that when children participate in gardening, they are more willing to eat fruits and vegetables.
Q4. Which of the following things should you do when planting a seed?
- Only plant in the Winter when there is ample sunlight
- Always place all seeds 4 inches deep in the soil
- You should note the date that you planted the seeds
- Use a potting mix that is completely dry (free of any moisture)
Q5. True or False? Kitchen gardens require a lot of space – planting herbs in pots in the kitchen will not give plants the space they need.
Q6. Your children are too excited and harvest several tomatoes when they are still green. Can you eat them?
- No, unripe tomatoes are always poisonous.
- Yes, if you want you can chop them in a salad or slice and fry them to make a tasty treat.
Quiz 03: Sustainable Eating
Q1. Fill in the blank: “Hiding” vegetables in food (like adding blended spinach to brownies) is a _ way to get children to eat their vegetables in the long-term.
Q2. True or False? Growing a plant such as basil requires considerable effort and gardening expertise.
Q3. Which of the following is recommended when cooking fish?
- High temperature, relatively long cooking time
- Low temperature, relatively long cooking time
- High temperature, relatively short cooking time
- Low temperature, relatively short cooking time
Q4. Which one of the following is INCORRECT with regard to cooking fish?
- Larger fish, like tuna and swordfish can contain contaminants, so they should not be eaten every day or in excess.
- Fish should be cooked at high temperatures for short amounts of time.
- Fresh herbs like cilantro and chives should never be used to flavor fish as they reduce nutrient content and many children don’t like “green things” on their fish.
Q5. True or False? It is safest to not to let your children help out in the garden.
Q6. Which of the following is NOT one of the potential advantages of eating locally grown produce?
- Locally grown produce often has a higher nutrient content because it’s not stored for prolonged periods of time during transport
- Eating locally grown produce is better for the environment because it reduces the greenhouse gas emissions associated with long-distance transportation
- Eating locally grown foods supports the local economy as farmers take home more of the net profits than when their produce needs to be shipped to distant places
- Locally grown produce usually has synthetic nutrients added to it by processed food manufacturers
Q7. Which of the following is the best description for how to steam vegetables in a way that maximizes their nutrient content for our families?
- Steam veggies over a small amount of water (or in a steamer basket if available) and remove while still slightly firm/crunchy
- Boil veggies until they’re soft in a large amount of water and then strain them and throw away the water
- Steam veggies over medium amount of water for a long time until the veggies are soft
- Veggies should always be eaten raw and should never be cooked as cooking “kills” all the nutrients
Q8. You are shopping at your local grocery store in the frozen-foods section. Would ice-cream labeled “organic” be considered “healthy” for you and your children, no matter how much is eaten?
- Definitely– Organic foods are always healthy, no matter how much is eaten
- Maybe not– Organic foods aren’t always healthy foods, especially if eaten in excess
Q9. True or False? To prevent overcooking certain vegetables, you can add different vegetables to soups at different times.
Q10. If you know you will be gone for two days after you have just planted some small seeds, what can you do to prevent them from drying out? Choose ONE best answer.
- Water the soil until there is a layer of water above the soil
- Keep the plant away from the sunlight to prevent drying out
- Push the seeds deep in the soil, where they will stay moist for a longer time
- Cover the pot with plastic wrap
Q11. You would like to get some fresh, locally grown produce, but are worried that the produce at the farmer’s market will be too expensive. Should you automatically head to the supermarket instead?
- Go to the supermarket! — Locally grown items are almost always more expensive
- Go to the farmer’s market! — Locally grown items are often the same price or cheaper than supermarket produce, especially if it’s in season.
Q12. True or False? Root vegetables like carrots and potatoes cook much more quickly than vegetables like cauliflower and broccoli.
Q13. Antibiotics are generally _ in industrial agriculture settings today.
- Used appropriately
Q14. In order to grow a garden, what conditions need to be met?
- A large backyard
- A large outdoor space
- A large variety of seeds
- None of the above
Q15. True or False? When vegetables are cooked in a large amount of water, many valuable nutrients tend to leave the vegetables and get thrown out with the water. It’s preferable to cook vegetables in a minimal amount of water or steam them.
Q16. True or False? Involving children in growing things (herbs, vegetable, etc) in a “kitchen garden” can make them more willing to try fresh foods like vegetables.
Q17. True or False? To begin thickening a white sauce, add flour or cornstarch to melted butter.
Child Nutrition and Cooking Week 05 Quiz Answers
Quiz 01: Allergies and Taste Preferences
Q1. In America today, food allergies have _________ in recent years, when compared with previous generations.
- Remained unchanged
Q2. Which of the following are NOT one of the “Big 8” allergens that account for 90% of all food reactions?
Q3. Which of the following is NOT a function of the tongue?
- Coordinate swallowing
- Detect tastes
- Prevent food from entering the esophagus
- Move food around in the mouth
Q4. Which of the following is a true statement about taste?
- Taste is unimportant for people whose goal is to eat healthy, nutritious foods.
- Taste is unrelated to the nutritional content of the food.
- Taste can warn us away from eating toxic foods.
Quiz 02: Health and Nutrition
Q1. True or False? Since the home environment is one of several important factors affecting children’s health outcomes, children who grew up eating healthy foods at home are likely to continue positive habits in the future.
Q2. True of False? Added vitamins and minerals generally mean that a food product is healthier.
Q3. Which of the following does NOT fall under the category of immediate community influence?
- The transportation systems that allow families to get around
- Government subsidies of corn and soy crops
- The number of fast food restaurants in a neighborhood
Q4. You are reading the nutrition label on a package of trail mix and notice that it contains 195 calories/serving. Does this mean that the product is definitely a healthy snack option?
- Yes — the calorie count is the best way to determine the health of a product
- No — the calorie count isn’t always the best way to judge the health of a product
Q5. The production of food has a big impact on our environment. Choose the correct ranking of the following 3 foods in terms of the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that they generate, from greatest to least.
- Beef, chicken, vegetables
- Chicken, beef, vegetables
- Vegetables, chicken, beef
Q6. Which of the following is NOT a valid reason to limit consumption of meat?
- Industrial meat production generates a large amount of waste which pollutes nearby water and air
- Meat is an incomplete source of protein
- It takes more water to produce meat than vegetables
- Meat can be infected with bacteria that can be transmitted to humans
Quiz 03: Labels, Allergies and Taste
Q1. True or False? In the U.S., food companies are NOT required to include common food allergens on the ingredient list for their products that contain food allergens.
Q2. True or False? Our sense of smell accounts for most of the flavor we perceive.
Q3. Why are antibiotics routinely given to livestock animals? Select the TWO best answers.
- Antibiotics result in more rapid weight gain in factory farmed animals
- Antibiotics are used to sedate the animals before they are slaughtered
- Antibiotics are used to prevent the animals in factory farms from getting sick in overcrowded conditions
- Antibiotics are used to develop new, desirable strains of bacteria
Q4. Fill in the blank: Government subsidies of crops such as corn and soybeans can lead to a greater incorporation of _________ into our everyday lifestyle choices.
- Processed foods
- Nutritious foods
Q5. Which of the following is NOT true about children with food allergies?.
- Children can’t attend social events where their allergen is present
- A child may be bullied because of restrictions that make them different
- Allergic reactions are potentially life-threatening
Q6. Which of the following is false about nutrition facts labels?
- Breakfast cereals containing less than 1g of fiber and more than 20g of sugar per serving are generally healthy choices for children
- Generally, it’s better for our health to choose whole foods that do not have nutrition facts labels (for example, fruits and vegetables).
- Too many saturated and trans fats in your diet can lead to an increased risk of heart disease.
Q7. For which of the following tastes does the tongue NOT contain receptors for?
Q8. True or False? The availability of places for families to receive social support can affect the well-being of a child.
Q9. In the US, percent daily values on nutrition facts labels are based on a _______ calorie diet.
Q10. Which of the following is NOT a step in meat production which requires the burning of fossil fuels?
- Producing the food fed to livestock animals
- Producing pesticides and fertilizers used in livestock feed
- Shipping and transportation
- Burning of accumulated animal waste
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