Indigenous Canada Week 01 Quiz Answers
Q1. The main characteristic of Creation or teaching stories (compared to personal stories) is:
- Creation stories are everyday lived experiences of people
- Creation stories are observations and accounts of places
- Creation stories are spiritual in nature
- Creation stories evolve over time
Q2. Indigenous knowledge can be characterized as follows:
- A study on the past
- Ongoing process of knowing and learning
- A codification of Indigenous knowledge
- Focused on generating new knowledge
Q3.A worldview develops as:
- an imposition from those in power over time in the same geographical area.
- religious and cultural leaders changing the attitudes of everyday people.
- governments impose legislation about how society should function.
- part of a collective experience emerges from a multitude of individual experiences.
Q4. A fundamental difference between Indigenous and Western worldviews is the assumption of:
- whether or not there is an afterlife.
- proper gender roles in the community.
- hierarchy versus interdependence in the natural world.
- humans’ natural intelligence.
Q5. Which Indigenous worldview is embodied by the phrase, “all my relations”?
Indigenous Canada Week 02 Quiz Answers
Q1.This nation had some of the highest population densities in Canada, with estimates ranging from 20,000 to 33,000 inhabitants:
- Wyandot (Huron)
Q2.Pre-contact trade was largely for:
- basic necessities
- luxury items
- foreign goods
- metal and metal products
Q3.The Fur Trade has been interpreted by scholars of Indigenous history as:
- Organized slave labour for the benefit of transnational corporations
- A simple system of trading networks
- An ineffective system to collect raw materials
- A partnership between European and Indigenous groups
Q4.What did the Norse explorers call the Indigenous people they encountered?
Q5.Which European explorer claimed the land of Newfoundland or Labrador:
- Eric the Red
Q6.Indigenous peoples would primarily trade furs for:
- textiles (e.g., coats, blankets, socks)
- agriculture supplies (e.g., seeds, machinery)
- metal goods (e.g., needles, cookware, knives)
- wood products (e.g., furniture, carts)
Q7.Which Indigenous nation acted as the most prominent middleman during the early fur trade?
- Wyandot (Huron)
Q8.The NWC’s success was not attributed to:
- Invention of the York boat
- Participation of the Nor’Westers
- Merging with smaller rivals
- Alliance and friendship with Indigenous nations
Q9.The NWC began as:
- An informal group of traders
- Disgruntled employees of the HBC
- The Nehiyawak living along the Hudson Bay looking for trading opportunities
- Métis men seeking to crack open the monopoly of the HBC
Q10.Offspring between French men and Indigenous women in the fur trade were known as:
- Hohe Nakota
Q11.How did the merger of the HBC and NWC affect First Nations and Métis peoples?
- Without the fierce competition, trading practices become much more elaborate
- The HBC were able to enforce stricter rules and regulations on hunting and trapping
- Allowed Indigenous trappers and hunters to make their own hours
- Transport systems become unwieldy and hard to organize
Q12.The production of pemmican became vital for traders because of its:
- high caloric value
- ease to make
- appealing taste
- low cost
Q13.The people who broke away from the consigns of HBC and NWC were called:
- Freemen or Otipemisiwak
Q14.What kind of economy replaced the fur trade after its demise?
- Lumber industry
- Railway building
- The collecting of buffalo bone
Indigenous Canada Week 03 Quiz Answers
Q1. The Haudenosaunee understanding of treaties as evidenced by Gusweñta is NOT:1 point
- Peace with a respectful distance
- Non interference
- Adding to our relations
- Travelling side-by-side as equals
Q2. Wampum belts’ primary purpose was to:
- act as monetary currency
- exchange for luxury items
- display wealth
- record important events
Q3. The Gusweñta agreement called for:
- an extensive trade network between the Haudenosaunee and French.
- the Haudenosaunee to cede a portion of their territory to the Dutch.
- mutual respect between the Haudenosaunee and Dutch, as well as non-interference.
- the Dutch to leave Haudenosaunee territory.
Q4. Which law is often used to describe legally binding agreements of treaties?
- The Great Peace of Montreal
- Pre-Colonial Indigenous laws
- The Constitution
- International law
Q5. Pre-colonial Indigenous laws can be characterized as:
- homogenous, informed by commonly-held customs and practices among groups.
- heterogeneous, informed by international customs and practices.
- heterogeneous, informed by local customs and practices
- homogenous, informed by local customs and practices.
Q6. The Great Peace of Montreal was between:
- New France and Indigenous groups of western North America
- the British Crown and Indigenous groups of central and eastern North America
- the British Crown and Indigenous groups of central and western North America
- New France and Indigenous groups of central and eastern North America
Q7. Which Indigenous nations signed the Peace and Friendship Treaties from 1725-1779?
- New France, Mi’kmaq, Passamaquoddy
- Mi’kmaq, Malliseet, Passamaquoddy
- East coast Indigenous Nations and New France
- Cree, Blackfoot, Metis
Q8 The Robinson Treaties in 1850 introduced something new to Indigenous-settler agreements. What was it?
- establishment of residential schools
- provisions for creating reserves
- reclamation of seized land
- recognition for “half-breed” children
Q9. When the Hudson’s Bay Company first established a colony on Vancouver Island they:
- Found little or no furs available
- Worked to establish relationships with the Indigenous people
- Gave little thought to the Indigenous population
- Had a difficult time surviving on the land
Q10. The territories encompassing the numbered treaties includes:
- All the rivers, lakes and lands draining into the Hudson’s Bay area
- All of Canada with the exception of Nunavut and Vancouver Island
- Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec
- Between the lake of the Woods in the east, the Rocky Mountains in the West and the Beaufort Sea to the North
Q11. Modern Day Treaties are also known as:
- Native Claims
- Comprehensive Claims
- Compensatory Agreements
- Numbered Treaties
Q12. This was NOT one of the circumstances leading up to the Northwest Resistance:
- Métis were refused their requested title to their river lots
- Métis wanted similar agricultural assistance
- Métis wanted a nation to nation partnership with the Canadian state
- Métis attacked the transcontinental railway.
Q13. Confederation affected the treaty-making process because:
- The Canadian government sought westward expansion
- Indigenous groups felt entitled to more land.
- The Canadian government felt its borders were secure
- Indigenous groups were insecure about the future of the Fur Trade industry
Q14. When do Treaty Days take place annually:
- Anniversary of signing of each treaties
- Anniversary of signatory chiefs
- Columbus Day
- Canada Day
Q15. What was one of the Indigenous interpretations of Treaty 6:
- Sharing land alongside Europeans
- Legal ownership over all territories
- Joining Treaty 7
- Claiming lands for the sake of the tribe
Q16. What land base did Indian Commissioner Edgar Dewdney exclude from Treaty negotiations:
- The Athabasca watershed
- The Cypress Hills
- The Badlands
Q17. Indigenous leaders, such as Big Bear, likely felt they had to sign Treaty 6 because of fears of:
- Forced migration
Q18. What was the Indigenous interpretation of the spirit of Treaty 6:
- National recognition of ownership over land
- Agreement between sovereign Nations
- Material remuneration
- Agreement to uphold cultural practices
Q19. What were “lands in severalty”:
- Lands on reserve
- 160 acres beyond the limits of the reserve
- 160 acres per section
- 160 acres beyond the limits of the township
Q20. The military commander of the Northwest Resistance was:
- Big Bear
- Louis Riel
- Duncan Campbell Scott
- Gabriel Dumont
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